Questions tagged [xdg]

Xdg was an acronym for the X Desktop Group, which is now known as freedesktop.org, but the label has remained. The freedesktop.org project has created a set of standards that now underlie X desktop environments such as GNOME, KDE and many others.

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XDG_RUNTIME_DIR is not owned by us (uid 0)

XDG_RUNTIME_DIR is not owned by us (uid 0), but by uid 999!(This could eg happen if you try to connect to a non-root PulseAudio as a root user, over the native protocol. Don't do that.) I am trying ...
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1answer
96 views

Unable to lock screen

I'm using Ubuntu 18.04 with default DE on my laptop. I have an external monitor that I used for weeks without problem. (maybe during an update) I closed the lid and then the desktop appeared on the ...
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1answer
94 views

XDG RUNTIME DIR not set error encountered while trying to use KDE Partition Manager

Ubuntu dabbler here with quite the situation. I'm using Lubuntu 19.10 and I was trying to reformat a flash drive. Running the KDE Partition Manager doesn't allow me to do anything other than view the ...
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After removing sddm and lubuntu-desktop, my desktop environment is missing some environment variables

After removing sddm and lubuntu-desktop, and using startx to spin up a graphical interface with my window manager of choice (cwm), ~/.local/bin is not on the PATH anymore. I googled around and it ...
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106 views

Is there any GUI tool for xdg-mime?

Usually, I should write a FileType.xml and use xdg-mime install FileType.xml then use xdg-mime default xxx.desktop file-type to set default application and xdg-icon-resource install xxx to set ...
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1answer
124 views

How to open *.htm differently than *.html?

I'm trying to get *.htm files to open in a different application than for *.html (MIME Type text/html), as generally described in GNOME Help > Add a custom MIME type for all users. I've created /usr/...
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1answer
34 views

find . -name “documentation.html” | xargs xdg-open

The (bash) command find . -name "documentation.html" | xargs xdg-open finds a file and passes its path to xdg-open, but xdg-open errors out: xdg-open: unexpected argument './distribution/docs/target/...
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1answer
130 views

Extremely slow graphical desktop startup process Ubuntu 18.10

I have experienced a stubborn issue after upgrading my Ubuntu from 18.04 to 18.10. Every time I would like to login into my system via lightdm the login process takes a lot of time (more than 2 ...
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380 views

Can I lowercase all the /home/$USER/ directories that start with an uppercase letter? [duplicate]

~/Pictures, ~/Downloads, ~/Desktop, ~/Documents, etc. These are some of the only uppercase directories on my system, and I usually type ~/pictures forgetting that the first letter has to be uppercase. ...
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1answer
674 views

Either system tray icons or unity-control-center icons disappear - how can I have both?

Note: I'm using Unity desktop on 18.04. First, most of the icons in unity-control-center are missing after I installed then uninstalled mate-desktop and caja. I tried reinstalling all of the ...
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121 views

phpstorm snap missing desktop

Ubuntu 16.04 (kernel: 4.13.0-1012-azure) Snap 2.32.3.2 Snapd 2.32.3.2 I tried installing phpstorm via sudo snap install phpstorm --classic. I can see that phpstorm is installed and can be run from ...
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1answer
1k views

How do mimeinfo.cache files relate to mimeapps.list?

The different mimeinfo.cache files are populated by update-desktop-database from the .desktop files you have around. However, file browsers and such seem to use mimeapps.list files. Manipulating ...
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1answer
2k views

Unable to install VeraCrypt - (k)ubuntu 17.10

Trying to install VeraCrypt on a new install og Kubuntu 17.10. However I'm having some trouble. Running the veracrypt-1.21-setup-gui-x64 file (double click -> execute), extracted from archive (...
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3answers
13k views

ubuntu-dock settings not accessible in gnome-control-center by default

I recently shifted to Ubuntu 17.10. After enabling ubuntu-dock extension from Gnome-Tweak-Tools, I found no specific settings for customizing the Ubuntu-Dock in gnome-settings or gnome-control-center. ...
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349 views

Can I meddle with xdg-setting to open a popup asking me with which browser to open a link I just clicked?

I work on multiple browsers simultaneously. I wish that every time I open a link from outside a browser( let's say from a pfd) a window or a terminal pops up to ask me which browser to use. Is there ...
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1answer
412 views

Need an xdg-open tweak

I know that by running watch -n 10 xdg-open https://duckduckgo.com in the terminal, will open the specified site in a preferred browser at each 10 seconds. I am looking for a tweak which will close ...
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1answer
159 views

Startup Applications not running in Remote Session

I'm running Ubuntu 16.04.2 with XRDP and I have startup applications. The startup applications run when it's on the computer itself but, the startup applications don't start when it's a remote session....
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419 views

error when running synaptic: XDG_RUNTIME_DIR not set in the environment cannot open display

After installing synaptic by typing sudo apt-get synaptic I tried to run it with sudo synaptic and I am getting this error: error: XDG_RUNTIME_DIR not set in the environment synaptic (4865):Gtk ...
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1answer
55 views

Change Desktop directory

I would like to temporarily use a different directory as my "Desktop". Is there a way to do this? Would it be possible to have different wallpapers for each directory?
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1answer
271 views

Installing Anki 2.0.42 breaks graphical display on fresh Ubuntu 16.04 install - xdg-mime related?

Installing the 64 bit Anki deb file (v2.0.42) on my Dell Inspiron 5423, running Ubuntu 14.04 or Ubuntu 16.04, seems to break the desktop (details and photo below). I have only been able to fix the ...
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1answer
579 views

Move .tmux and .tmuxinator directories

How can I move the .tmux and .tmuxinator directories from their default location ($HOME) to comply with the XDG Base Directory Specification? As these are configuration directories, I would expect ...
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1answer
1k views

Ubuntu Studio menu audio, video production, graphics directory menu entry disappeared

Ubuntu Studio menu has broken - I must have installed something or made a change to the menu (I used the menu editor to add a launcher), and I lost the audio production, video production and graphics ...
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1answer
880 views

Can I change the name of the Desktop directory?

Is it possible to change Desktop directory name? If it is how can I rename that directory? I've tried mv /home/username/Desktop /home/username/newName.
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1answer
109 views

.desktop file changing Exec depending on desktop environment

I am trying to make a .desktop file on my desktop which opens a window of the file manager of the desktop env I'm currently in (Nautilus for Ubuntu, PCManFM for LXDE) but my file doesn't seem to work: ...
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How to update nautilus bookmarks after changing user-dirs?

I change the user-dirs.dirs of xdg. However, those changed dirs like the Pictures bookmarks are missing, how to make the bookmarks shown again? Thanks.
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1answer
209 views

xdg-email can't find thunderbird

Clicking a mailto link in chromium-browser it executes xdg-email mailto:example@example.com (or maybe without "mailto:", which seems to be the same thing). In my case this opens kmail instead of ...
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1answer
2k views

How to set the default program to open a certain file type in a certain folder?

As well as being a Panda I am also an artist, I make my artwork mostly in GIMP and save my pictures to a certain directory on my computer. However I have a slight inconvenience because I save my ...
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4k views

Changing protocol handler in google chrome, opening a Telegram link

I installed Telegram Desktop for Linux 64-bit. To join a Telegram channel, when a channel URL is opened in google chrome (e.g. telegram.me/channel_name) the browser prompts and asks which application ...
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1answer
509 views

What do user folders do?

In ~/.config/user-dirs.dirs you can change the user folders. But do they actually do anything except for changing the links in Nautilus? I can see that changing XDG_DESKTOP_DIR does something – namely ...
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1answer
3k views

How can i change the Pictures/Documents/etc directory?

I am a total noob in Ubuntu, and i would like to change the default directory of Documents, Music, Pictures etc. My setting is as follows: 1 partition for Windows 1 partition for ubuntu 1 ...
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1answer
62 views

who manages $HOME/.recently-used?

Who manages $HOME/.recently-used? And is there a spec for it? Could not find one, but maybe I am blind.
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1answer
664 views

Why firefox is default browser in Xubuntu?

I have a lot of apps which ignore xfce browser settings: for example banshee. It still opens links in firefox, but I set google-chrome as default. It is default in xfce-preferred-apps, it is default ...
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1answer
8k views

How to create new Magic Cookie?

I've been searching around on Google but I cannot find my answer on how to create a new MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE. I recently did a reinstall and I had copied over my files from a backup back into my home ...
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6answers
8k views

Why do PDF documents open with ImageMagick?

Query shows evince is my default handler. But, double clicking a pdf file opens ImageMagick. A pdf file's Properties shows ImageMagick as the default handler. Why is this happening ? After ...
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2answers
438 views

Set XDG user directories as symlinks to removable media

I have a removable media (SD card) which automatically mounts itself when I log into Ubuntu. I want all my user directories (Music, Downloads etc) in that removable media. I modified the .config/user-...
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2answers
5k views

Is $HOME/.local/share the default value for $XDG_DATA_HOME in Ubuntu 14.04?

What's the default value for $XDG_DATA_HOME in Ubuntu 14.04? I get an empty line with: echo $XDG_DATA_HOME According to the Free Desktop Specifications, it might be equals to $HOME/.local/share
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1answer
9k views

How to set XDG_RUNTIME_DIR

$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR is not well set on my computer and this causes upstart to write PID files to my home folder. May I know what it should be and where to set it?
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1k views

Renaming Folders using xdg-users-dirs does not work [duplicate]

I'm attempting to rename my special folders. As per my understanding, there are two ways to specify this. Local, ~/.config/user-dirs.dirs Global, /etc/xdg/user-dirs.defaults I've changed both ...
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2answers
18k views

Why is my desktop the same as home folder?

My desktop (not the /home/user/Desktop folder) shows the contents of my /home/user folder. I don't know how I have done it and can I have some help on undoing it? The /home/user/Desktop folder just ...
2
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1answer
214 views

Why I cannot mount ISO file from this .desktop file by `fuseiso`?

I want to mount iso files without root permission by fuseiso, and this is how to mount a iso file: fuseiso -p '/path/to/isofilename' '/media/isofilename' , so I make a .desktop file followed ...
2
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1answer
866 views

Public directory ($XDG_PUBLICSHARE_DIR) created despite “enabled=False” in user-dirs.conf

I've set "enabled=False" in my /etc/xdg/user-dirs.conf which, according to comments in that file, and also according to the spec, should stop xdg-user-dirs-update from running at login time and thus ...
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3answers
2k views

awesome wm with xubuntu - setting wallpaper resets to default

I am using awesome v3.4.15 (Never Gonna Give You Up) and (X)Ubuntu. My display manager is lightdm. In /etc/xdg/awesome/rc.lua I've added this line to change my background to a solid color: theme....
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0answers
4k views

Could not open X display, XDG_Runtime_DIR Error:

Output from terminal from where i tried to run nautilus and read an external drive. Also, i got a terminal window before logging in that system is running under log graphics mode, i will have to login ...
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2answers
84 views

Open File as Other Program

I want to configure Firefox to open .zip files with File-Roller. In the options, I browse to /usr/share/applications/file-roller.desktop and it doesn’t open it as File Roller however nautilus easily ...
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2answers
6k views

How can I get the (XDG) Default User Directories from Python?

By example, In English the default user folders will be: $HOME/Desktop .... $HOME/Videos In Spanish the default user folders will be: $HOME/Escritorio .... $HOME/Vídeos The file ~/.config/user-...
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1answer
9k views

Installation problem xdg-desktop-menu: No writable system menu directory found [closed]

When installing the IBM tsm backup client I have the following message on lucid (works on precise) > sudo apt-get upgrade Setting up tsm-client (6.4.0.7-3) ... xdg-desktop-menu: No writable system ...
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0answers
67 views

“user.mime_type” in desktop environment

Context Guidelines for extended attributes (FreeDesktop) says: user.mime_type: Sets the MIME type of a file explicitly. This attribute is documented by the "Shared MIME-info Database Specification"...
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2answers
2k views

How can I force all applications to use $XDG_CONFIG_HOME instead of ~/.APP?

As far as I understand, the XDG guidelines recommend that applications store their configuration in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/APP (usually ~/.config/APP) rather than ~/.APP (I'm not sure if there are also ...
2
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0answers
719 views

Custom launcher in Ubuntu 12.04 xdg/autostart

I have some script that should start when user logs in. I've created .desktop file and put it into /etc/xdg/autostart. It works on two pretty old PCs with Ubuntu with a long life (10.xx -> 11.10 -> 12....
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1answer
794 views

Delay an application at /etc/xdg/startup

For some reason when it's started too quickly when it's active it shows my desktop instead of overlaying on the active windows.I have guake.desktop in /etc/xdg/startup and I'm wondering if there's a ...