Questions tagged [virtual-console]

Virtual consoles reachable with Ctrl+Alt+F1-F6

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Virtual consoles on Ubuntu

In This link is mentioned that Linux GUI is installed on tty7, but when I change my consoles using Ctrl+Alt+F1-F7 and check it by the command tty, I see that I have a GUI on my tty1 and tty2. I'd like ...
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How to reset/fix terminal sessoins (server), after I've killed its PID?

I was trying to kill responded window so I used kill -9 PID and the PID was the ID of /usr/libexec/gnome-terminal-server by mistake. Now, every time I start terminal (even if it is a virtual terminal) ...
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Never seen this screen before not sure what to do

I recently upgraded to Windows 11. I am not sure if this is what caused the problem or if it is some other underlying issue, but I tried to boot Ubuntu today using Oracle VirtualBox and I was greeted ...
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fbi stuck at "loading. . . "

So I have a weird one. On my virtual machine, I can do the following: fbi -T 4 Screen_3.jpg The image shows up immediately in virtual terminal 4 and stays there until I switch back to anther virtual ...
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How can I start another startx within desktop?

I want to start another startx within user desktop. It should be possible via Xvfb, Xnest, Xvnc... But how? For example: xhost + Xvfb :1 -screen 0 1280x800x16 & x11vnc -display :1 -clip ...
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How to close virtual terminal? [duplicate]

I opened terminal pressed Ctrl-Alt-F2 I saw virtual terminal. I couldn't return to Graphical desktop. I pressed power button. I again pressed power button. It displays /dev/nvme0n1p1:clean, 294223/...
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Desktop is not opening, after i restarted it. Its memory was about to be full

Previously my system was working fine, after I restarted it is not open showing the file on the whole screen I have attached. Its memory was about to be full before I can empty it, it is not opening ...
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Ubuntu stuck on blank screen with blinking cursor

I am running Windows 10, Ubuntu 20.04.2 dual boot on a Lenovo Thinkpad. The setup has been working fine for me for 6+ months. The laptop was on with the lid closed and the charging cable got ...
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Exit virtual terminal

I'm using letest version on Ubuntu, I'm entered Virtual Terminal how to I exit. Some body says press ctrl+alt+7 or ctrl+alt+8 but its worked as same what can i do. I have important details on my ...
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two virtual terminals on two different monitors

I have two monitors and I want to assign one monitor to each of two virtual terminals. So that If I I do 'CTRL+ALT+F3' and then do 'CTRL+ALT+F4' i could see both terminals /dev/tty3 , /dev/tty4, one ...
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login loop can't perform due error at virtual terminal after login

I have two users in Ubuntu 20.04. I can login and access second user but first user login leads to login loop. I search some solution to resolve login loop but i got some others problem while login ...
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How do I choose which monitor that my virtual console is on?

I turn on virtual console and when I do, it uses my first monitor when I want it to use my second monitor. I don't know how to select which monitor it goes on, I have also tried to do primary monitor ...
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Why does virtual terminal throw error on eval while Gnome Terminal works?

I sometimes use the virtual terminal on my Ubuntu (18.04.5) laptop and commands return error. For example I do: Ctrl+Alt+F3 login on my account bob@mylaptop:$ ls file1 file2 file3 -bash: eval: line ...
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Disable virtual console hotkeys Ctrl+Alt+F7 and higher

On Linux systems Ctrl+Alt+F1 thru F6 open virtual terminals. It seems like there are only 6 of these. Sometimes F7 may also be used for the window manager but at least on my current system (18.04) it ...
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Ubuntu main directory

Good day I want to make /mnt/c/Users/joey/Desktop as my default directoy so when I close then open my terminal it will be my main default directoy thanks
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How to increase font size in virtual console (tty) in Ubuntu 20.04 on 4k screen? Or how to change the resolution?

I am using a dell XPS 13 laptop with 4k screen and the text on the virtual console is very small. I would like to increase the font size. With the command sudo dpkg-reconfigure console-setup I took: ...
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Error starting penguin container: 15 Launching vmshell failed: Error starting crostini for terminal: 15|| What to do?

So I tried to download steam but it went wrong so I tried to uninstall it. It then said that there was an error and that I should try uninstalling it through the terminal. I didn't know how to ...
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Communication between my terminal and another ssh terminal

(First, just want to say I'm kind of a beginner in this topic.  Secondly, I'm posting this question in this forum after days of looking for some solution and other related questions with no result. I ...
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How to swich to /dev/console

I can use /dev/ttyX, but how to access /dev/console? I tried to use chvt console, but it didn't work.
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Terminal wont let me login

My terminal wont open up at all. After doing some snooping on the web I figured out to go to the virtual terminal and fix it. The problem is, that when i type my username and password, it says it's ...
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How to enable mouse cursor in linux virtual console?

I am currently on Ubuntu 18.04, and I've been wondering how to enable cursor in virtual console. I know there is software called 'gpm' (general purpose mouse) which is used for copying & pasting ...
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Ctrl+Alt+F1 doesn't open TTY [duplicate]

I am trying to open a TTY by Ctrl+Alt+F1 combination, but instead, I see the Ubuntu login screen, like if I have just logged out. It is a problem for me as I'd like to run twm instead of Gnome, but I ...
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how to enable ctrl-alt-Fn consoles

I am used to ctrl-alt-Fn (say, ctrl-alt-F3) to get a terminal CLI console scrolling screen. On 20.04 LTS (MATE Xwindow environment), the default ctrl-alt-F1 is the (dark pink) login screen, ctrl-alt-...
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Remove space between lines in non gui Ubuntu

My system is x64 Ubuntu 20.04.1 (Linux 5.4.0-48-generic) I use a non-GUI tty, and I wonder how I delete line-spacing (set it to zero). If this is about the font, please drop a font without line ...
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Recording TTY screen on Ubuntu

How can I record my tty2 screen? I tried OBS-Studio, launched OBS-Studio in tty1 (GNOME), and started recording. But it shows a black screen when I switch to tty2.
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How to open .DD file to analyze it?

I am new to this process and I'm struggling a bit. I was given a .dd file to analyze as an assignment in my current college course. I am using Sans Sift in a virtual box environment, but I have no ...
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How to parse Linux(Ubuntu) PTY bash output data?

I am making a program to show the Linux(Ubuntu) PTY bash output data on the windows console. But, It doesn't look friendly to show some bytes such as color bytes. Have a protocol document to indicate ...
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Where do I find the full list of shortcuts used in Linux Virtual Console (Terminal)?

I know only ctrl+alt+Fn to switch between consoles and scroll the screen by shift+Page Up/Page Down. Is there a full list of shortcuts specifically for the virtual console?
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cannot easily switch to virtual consoles -- why?

I can only login to a virtual console by using ctrl-alt-f4 as f1 brings me to a login screen (like windows_key-l to lock) and f3 has no result. This defies my expectations. While I haven't swapped out ...
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Can’t type capitals in the virtual console

I can’t type capital letters inside the virtual console using the shift key. If I use caps lock instead – it works. I noticed that the shift key acts like it’s the AltGr key (e.g. if I type Shift + q ...
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Change the username of in PS1 to any arbatrary strings temporally

I set my terminal prompt as: $ echo $PS1 ${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\[\033[01;34m\]\w\[\033[00m\]:\n$ It display as: me@alpha:/: How could change the username ...
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Ubuntu Openstack Console Error "Failed to connect to server (code: 1006)"

I have installed Ubuntu Openstack using MicroStack snap [installed: stein] on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. When I try to connect to the console of newly created instances... I'm getting the following ...
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Ubuntu virtual terminal not working

I am unable to open the virtual terminals by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Fn. All I see is the cursor flashing in the top right corner and the ubuntu loading circle in the bottom of the screen. Edit: I found ...
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Restricting login in text mode of standard user

How can I restrict login of standard user in text mode?I want only root to be able to access this.
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Switching virtual terminals is hanging X

I know there is often confusion about ctrl-alt-Fkey surprisingly "killing" X when in reality they have just switched to a text virtual console. This is not that question. When I switch to a virtual ...
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Make non graphical TTY more compatible with XTerm

I have a machine where I do not need/want Xwindows, intead I just use terminal in text only mode. There is a problem, ttys are very limited compared to XTerm/VTE terminals, i.e. only 16 colors, many ...
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how to run or re-load /etc/profile.d/ scripts?

From within the GUI, I'm seeing this result: My problem is exactly that this does not happen in the terminal run under the graphical user interface; neither in Ubuntu 16.04.3 or 18.04. – Thomas ...
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Why is my console so slow in 18.04?

I just installed 18.04 on a Dell T310 server, and I'm noticing that the text console is unusably slow when scrolling text. To add some numbers to this, invoking dmesg immediately after boot over an ...
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i have read-only file system error

I'm running Ubuntu MATE 18.04 on an Acer Swift 1 laptop, I'm getting this error error screen. I tried everything I know. I can't even install Windows. I tried to install Windows 7, Windows 8 and ...
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How to change the primary display at runlevel 3

I have a desktop with two screens attached to it's VGA ports (GPU and motherboard). My main screen has two input ports (VGA and HDMI). I often plug my laptop into the HDMI port on the main screen and ...
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2 answers
2k views

Exit Desktop to Terminal in Ubuntu 19.10

In Ubuntu 19.10, how can you exit the desktop and go straight to a terminal? I'd prefer to do this using a command, instead of Ctrl-Alt-F1 type techniques, because I'm doing this in a virtual machine,...
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How to configure the guest vm(Ubuntu16.04) to get ip from bridge network of the host vm(Ubuntu16.04) using KVM hypervisor?

I'm having trouble to get IP from the bridge network which was custom configures for 10.* addresses and now my guest VM was picking default address 192.*.
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Freeze on close terminal

Consider the following steps. I ctrl-alt-f5 into a terminal. I log in. I hit ctrl-d, or exit, to exit the terminal. My screen shows the graphical login page. (This is unexpected.) Neither the mouse ...
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Ubuntu 16.04, too many ttys

I'm working on a zynq board with Ubuntu 16.04. I find that there are more than 300 /dev/tty*. My question is how can I reduce the number of TTYs?
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Virtual terminal 1 not working, system logs out instead

Posted this in the Ubuntu One forum, but because of little activity, I am posting the question here too: 5.0.0-25-generic #26~18.04.1-Ubuntu SMP Thu Aug 1 13:51:02 UTC 2019 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/...
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How to get out of tty1 when you don't know your login and password

I'm having trouble logging in to the console in Ubuntu 19.04. I need to enter a login and password. When I enter my username and password, the console rejects the login. Keys Ctrl+Alt+(F1-F12) don't ...
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How can I fix virtual terminal size for external monitor?

I plugged in my 4K external monitor (Dell 27 inch) to my Lenovo Thinkpad l540 running Ubuntu 18.04 using a mini displayport cable, and it works perfectly when I'm in the GUI. (The scaling option I ...
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Can't log, and can't launch the console mode

After launch a game, I cannot log. The resolution of the logging page is low. I think that the nvidia drivers are corrupted. So, I want to log with the (virtual) console mode and reinstall the ...
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7 votes
3 answers
8k views

How do I increase the number of TTY consoles?

I often find it convenient to work entirely from the command line, and like to have several tty "consoles" open simultaneously. How do I make my system default to having more than the traditional 6 ...
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How to switch to text console without logging out GUI on 18.10

Occasionally I need to drop into the text console (via ctrl+alt+f1), usually to kill something. When I try to return to the graphical console (via ctrl+alt+f7), I've been logged out of my GUI session ...
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