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Questions tagged [debian]

Debian GNU / Linux is the distribution upon which Ubuntu is based. Ubuntu uses the same packaging system as Debian. These questions should be about how Ubuntu and Debian work together from a workflow perspective.

137
votes
6answers
72k views

What is the simplest Debian Packaging Guide?

I went to the Ubuntu wiki but got confused,there were too many ways. Please tell me an easy guide to Debian packaging.
20
votes
6answers
27k views

Adding Debian Sid as Package Repository?

I am running 12.04 Precise beta (upgraded from 11.10 Oneiric) and I added the following line to my /etc/apt/source.list: deb http://http.us.debian.org/debian unstable main contrib non-free In order ...
100
votes
5answers
88k views

How is Ubuntu different from Debian?

Ubuntu is a derivative of Debian. It uses the same package format. In what ways is Ubuntu different from Debian?
76
votes
2answers
126k views

What Debian version are the different Ubuntu versions based on?

I have some software packages customised for Ubuntu 10.04, 10.10 and 12.10, but now I have to install them on Debian Squeeze. I have been unable to Google for a mapping between specific Ubuntu and ...
70
votes
3answers
22k views

What does “${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}” do in my terminal prompt?

In my terminal prompt definition in my .bashrc file, among other things, I have this snippet of code: ${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)} What does this do, and do I need it?
15
votes
0answers
663 views

How do I put a package into the Ubuntu repositories? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to get my software into Ubuntu? I've created a Python application for Ubuntu. How do I package it and submit it for possible inclusion in the universe repository?
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Hide files from root in ubuntu

My question would be a little bit silly, but who knows because linux is a very rich and sophisticated OS. Is there a way that a normal user in ubuntu can hide some files from root ? I know that the ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Is Ubuntu based on Debian unstable or Debian testing?

which of the two it is?
1
vote
2answers
4k views

How do you set up SSL certificates for additional ports in Apache? [closed]

Simple question, I just wanted to know how to install SSL certificates in other ports in a webserver. I'm trying to get a web application to be able to have a valid SSL certificate. I use apache2. I'...
41
votes
5answers
127k views

What is the default Debian/Ubuntu console (TTY) font called?

I'm currently running Ubuntu and a few other Linux distributions on my computer and since I use the TTY a lot, a good font is pretty important! Does anyone know the name of the default console/TTY ...
14
votes
1answer
5k views

How to have Debian packaging generate two packages given an upstream source archive?

I am packaging something for my PPA. The upstream source is a .tar.gz archive which is Makefile-based. Since this package has a significant amount of architecture-independent data, it would be wise ...
6
votes
2answers
14k views

How can I reset my GRUB background to default?

I installed some sort of software (I think it had to do with Gnome) that changed the splash image behind the GRUB boot interface from the standard purple background to a somewhat tacky Debian splash ...
28
votes
7answers
19k views

Is running Ubuntu One on Debian 'possible'? [closed]

I read somewhere that Ubuntu One only runs on Ubuntu, which was a surprise (and I suppose it's just an official stance). What will it take for me to run it on Debian?
22
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I propose my project to be part of Debian too?

I have a new project hosted at launchpad.net. My project can be useful for both: Ubuntu and Debian. However, I can't find a documentation to start host my project at launchpad.net and get my package ...
6
votes
1answer
33k views

Why do I get 'error while loading shared libraries: libGL.so.1: wrong ELF class: ELFCLASS64' when I run Mercury? [closed]

Using native OpenGL /home/software/Mercury_3.3/c_linux/bin/mercury.x: error while loading shared libraries: libGL.so.1: wrong ELF class: ELFCLASS64
11
votes
3answers
6k views

is it possible to use Debian repositories in Ubuntu?

Since Ubuntu is a Debian derivative I thought maybe it's possible
5
votes
2answers
487 views

Will Ubuntu work with reproducible builds?

In a comment on the question Does Ubuntu deliberately contaminate its binaries to help NSA?, Jorge Castro notes that debian is thinking about working with reproducible builds. They state Why do we ...
2
votes
2answers
6k views

How do i find all files in a folder recursively by the specific name and rename them?

I have a tree of folders. Some of them contain file named ".file.php" How do i rename all the files with this name recursively in the tree to ".file1.php"? I'm on debian server.
20
votes
2answers
4k views

What does dsfg as a part of package names mean?

I know the general format for package names in Debian and Ubuntu. Some packages have additions to the standard numbering scheme with obvious meaning like svn20090426 etc. But also quite a few packages ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Awesome WM menu missing Firefox

After sudo apt-get install awesome awesome-extra and logging into it (with no previous configuration that I know of), there's no menu entry for Firefox. All my other stuff is there - Mutt, Meld, jEdit,...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

What is the best way to build a package that targets a single Ubuntu release only?

At the moment I build and package our software for Ubuntu 14.04 aka 'trusty' via dpkg-buildpackage. I get a .deb package that can be installed on Ubuntu 14.04 but also on other Ubuntu releases e.g. 12....
15
votes
3answers
9k views

How can a Debian package install Python modules from PyPI

This question tries to complement this one . I have a python app which uses third party modules from PyPI. I want to package my app into a debian package, but don't know how to handle python ...
20
votes
2answers
10k views

How is Ubuntu more updated than Debian?

I am reading Debian vs. Ubuntu vs. Linux Mint: Which Distribution Should You Use? Ubuntu, on the other hand, is made to include a good combination of new and stable ... Some packages can be used ...
24
votes
6answers
11k views

“Ubuntu is an ancient african word, meaning 'I can't configure Debian.'” — why did they write that?

From urban dictionary ubuntu is defined as "Ubuntu is an ancient african word, meaning "I can't configure Debian"". http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=ubuntu I'm confused for that... How ...
19
votes
2answers
18k views

What is the difference between Debian contrib & non-free and how it corresponds to Ubuntu?

I have been trying to understand the difference between Debian's contrib and non-free sections. Do contrib packages just wrappers around non-free softwares? Like what we have in flashplugin-nonfree ...
4
votes
3answers
7k views

How do I dual-boot with Debian?

I want to install Debian Unstable alongside Maverick but I don't want to lose my data. Also my CD drive is Broken.
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Dual boot Ubuntu 16.04 and Debian 8.4

After installing Ubuntu 16.04 alongside Debian, I get no boot option for Ubuntu. How can I fix the boot menu?
1
vote
1answer
468 views

Get details about the Connected WiFi Network

I'm trying to get the details of the WiFi network that I've connected to. I have already tried iwlist wlan0 scan which give the details of the connected network as well as all the available networks ...
8
votes
2answers
779 views

How come the override_dh_build-indep sequence isn't run by debuild?

I'm having a bad time trying to generate some documentation for a shared library within debian/rules. I asked a question earlier about which target to use for generating the documentation. My problem ...
7
votes
1answer
576 views

Technically speaking, what is different about Ubuntu compared to other Linux distributions? [closed]

This is a question that's puzzled me for quite a while (and refers to the differences between all distributions). In my mind, a distribution is: a pre-configured OS, with some pre-installed packages, ...
5
votes
2answers
9k views

Trouble making a Live USB with Debian 'Sqeeze'

So first off, I'm using Debian sqeeze and I'm trying to make an Ubuntu 12. 04 Precise Pangolin Live USB. This is kind of a problem at the moment because debian does not have the "startup disk creator" ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Python dependencies in Debian packages

I created my first Debian package today by following the accepted answer at this AskUbuntu question. Everything went fine, and it installed properly afterwards. However, my script is written in python ...
3
votes
1answer
723 views

Which fonts are pre-installed in Ubuntu Desktop?

My laptop runs Ubuntu 13.04, and is able to display text in foreign languages (e.g. Chinese) on websites. But this is not the case with Debian. Despite installing all locales, my browser doesn't ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Whats eating my memory? [closed]

I often face the problem that something is eating away on my memory, but I can't put my finger on what it is. I have redis, mysql, ruby, php and apache running on the same server, it's been running ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

execute script when network interface is up

i have this piece of bash script : internal=$(/sbin/ifconfig $adapter | grep "inet addr" | awk -F: '{print $2}' | awk '{print $1}') $adapter="eth0" i want to execute this until internal has the ...
2
votes
3answers
776 views

I try to install a .deb, when I double click I get: the file “filename” could not be opened

I also try to use the command prompt on the desktop directory, but it states permission denied. Who is denying permission? I am the only user on my computer.
2
votes
1answer
11k views

Ubuntu Trusty - corresponding Debian release? Wheezy or Squeeze?

I want to install Dotdeb on Ubuntu trusty, Release 14.04 and I was wondering which version of the available packages for Debian I should choose. Wheezy or Squeeze?
1
vote
1answer
151 views

Debian login screen after updating Ubuntu 18.04

I just updated Ubuntu 18.04 (just the regular "install pending updates" when i shut down). Now I booted my pc, and was greeted with a debian Login screen. This makes absolutely no sense... Is there a ...
1
vote
3answers
12k views

How do I install Ubuntu from USB in debian?

After looking through the Ubuntu instructions for creating a bootable USB I googled this and it seems like there's a plethora of different ways that one could do this. Here's what I've tried: ...
1
vote
2answers
273 views

Cannot overwrite Debian6 grub, with Ubuntu grub2

I installed Debian 6 on the same PC where I am running different versions of Ubuntu. Debian 6 installed grub, probably a different version than Ubuntu. I am running update-grub from Ubuntu 10, 11 &...
1
vote
1answer
522 views

What exactly does Ubuntu share with other Debian based distributions? [closed]

What exactly does Ubuntu share with other Debian based distributions? What do all Debian based distributions share in common that other distributions don't?
1
vote
1answer
523 views

Danger of using an untrusted apt mirror or proxy

My vague understanding of the authentication mechanisms behind debian/ubuntu packaging tells me that it should be safe to install packages downloaded from an untrusted server or proxy as long as apt ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Distributing your software professionally in Ubuntu?

I have made a .deb package which I have hosted on an Apache server. People can do apt-get install from my repository. When people do "apt-get install mypackage". They get an unauthorized warning. To ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Ubuntu replaced my /home directory after install

I switched from Debian 9 to Ubuntu 16.04. When installing, I used the option 'manual' in the partitioner in the installer. There, I only formatted the '/' partition and left the rest as is, in order ...
1
vote
1answer
528 views

Trouble installing MongoDB from debian wheezey repository on Ubuntu 15.04

So I understand that MongoDB is not supported on Ubuntu 15.04. Many users have suggested using the debian wheezey repository and that MongoDB installs and works. However, I am not having the same luck....
1
vote
3answers
2k views

ImportError: No module named debian.deb822

My Ubuntu 14.04 setup seems to be hopelessly fouled up, to the extent that I can no longer successfully install any packages using apt-get install. The common error is "no module named debian.deb822"....
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How to install package from testing?

I am on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS server and need a fix for https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/vagrant in version 1.8.1+dfsg-2 released for Yakkety, but not for Xenial. So how to install that 1.8.1+dfsg-2 ...