Sorry if this question is a bit jumbled up, I'm fairly new to Ubuntu\linux systems and don't know which information is important to post or not. More info at the bottom.
How can I get it so when someone types in www.my_website.com from outside my network that URL will remain in the URL location? Right now, when someone connects to www.my_website.com it redirects them to my website -which is great- but it shows my public IP address and port number in the URL, 126.96.36.199:55355 rather than www.my_website.com. Obviously, not desirable for multiple reasons. How do I fix it so it shows my Domain Name in the URL? (I would like it if I didn't have to install other packages or make a virtualHost inside or a bind server, etc.) I want the website to be accessible from any public device too, Thanks in advance!!
If question 1 is answerable, my next question: is there a relatively simple way to then make my website URL anything I want? For example, when someone types in from outside my network, www.my_website.com it would take them to the exact same website but when the page loads the url name is changed to whatever I want like www.my_customURL.com or whatever? I know I can't make that URL (www.my_customURL.com) to a public Domain Name without having to buy it (for example, if someone searches: www.my_customURL.com it will bring up someone else's bought Domain Name or return null) but I mean just for the application layer of things. Any ideas are most welcomed!
I installed ubuntu LAMP server and setup filezilla and webmin and finished setting up a practice html/css based website. I have it set in a VirtualBox environment with an abridged network adapter. My pseudo IP address for my website is: 192.168.0.10:55355 and I'm able to access it from my local network like usual. (i.e. from any computer on my wifi) I then preceded to port forward my website IP to be able to access it from anywhere outside my network/any public wifi. That worked great. I then bought a Domain Name from domains.google.com and was able to attach that Domain Name to my public IP address (the one seen by the entire internet) which then port-forwards that to my static website IP address which then presents my index.html file. For example, to access my website from inside or outside my network I can either type: public_ip:port_number (188.8.131.52:55355) or I can type: www.my_website.com
Both work like a charm. But that's where I want the Domain Name as URL or a custom URL to show and not my public IP and port number.
$ lynx lynx -head -dump http://www.my_website.com HTTP/1.0 302 Found Location: 184.108.40.206.:55355 Date: 23 Dec 2017 23:03:10 GMT Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 Server: ghs Content-Length: 222 X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN