You can use the option
Connect to Server in Nautilus as it is shown on the next image.
The first example -
sftp://victoria-pass/home/tri - uses predefined host called
victoria-pass and mounts the
home/ directory of the remote user called
To use this approach, you should create user's configuration file for the local ssh client. The file must be called
config and placed in the directory
.ssh/ in user's home:
~/.ssh/config. According to the example the content of the file should be:
Host victoria-pass # this is as 'nickname' of the connection
HostName victoria.org # or use the IP address
IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa # or provide the fill path to another key
User tri # use the actual name of the remote user
Port 1111 # provide the actual port of the remote server
# other parameters...
# setup each another Host in the same way...
Change the file permissions:
chmod 600 ~/.ssh/config
In addition, now you should be able to connect to each of these hosts by a command as:
The second example -
sftp://firstname.lastname@example.org:1111/home/tri - shows how to connect to a remote ssh (sftp) server without using predefined
~/.ssh/config file with a custom ssh port.
The main cons of this approach is that if the authentication file is not
~/.ssh/id_rsa you should provide it in advance by the command
ssh-add. For example if the authentication file is called
I think you should do this every time when you restart the local machine, or you should include the above command in the
Here are the steps how to setup gFTP to use SSH keys.
In the FTP menu click on Preferences;
Go to SSH tab;
Fill the field SSH Extra Params with this value:
-o IdentityFile=/home/<your user>/.ssh/id_rsa
<user name> with your real username. Or use:
In gFTP's main window choice SSH2 as type of the connection;
Enter the target Host name, or IP address;
Setup the SSH Port of the target machine (if it's not the default -
Enter User for the SSH connection;
Enter your SSH key's Passphrase (if there is some);
You could mount a remote directory (or the entire file system) via the command-line tool
sshfs. Then you could manipulate it "locally" as you wish. This is my preferable way. Let's assume the mounting directory is
~/mount and you want to mount the remote user's home directory:
sshfs email@example.com:/home/<user> /home/<local-user>/mount/
Or if you have created
sshfs host-name:/home/<remote-user> /home/<local-user>/mount/
In addition you could create also
/etc/fstab entry - references:
Convert the PPK Key
Please note if you are previously have used PPK key, which means PuTTY Private Key, you should convert it because, unlike CloneZilla, the above tools can't read this format. For this purposes you should use the tool
puttygen that is a part of the package
sudo apt install putty-tools
Now you can convert the key in this way:
puttygen input-key-filename.ppk -O private-openssh -o output-key-filename.pem
Thanks to @steeldriver for this note. Here is the source and few additional references:
According to the security
While all approaches use the same method of connection - SSH - the security that they provide should be equivalent. From Wikipedia:
Secure Shell (SSH) is a cryptographic network protocol for operating
network services securely over an unsecured network... SSH provides a secure channel over an unsecured network in a
client-server architecture, connecting an SSH client application with
an SSH server...
The encryption used by SSH is intended to provide confidentiality and
integrity of data over an unsecured network, such as the Internet... SSH uses public-key cryptography to authenticate the remote computer
and allow it to authenticate the user, if necessary...
One way is to use automatically generated public-private key pairs to
simply encrypt a network connection, and then use password
authentication to log on...
Another is to use a manually generated public-private key pair to
perform the authentication, allowing users or programs to log in
without having to specify a password. In this scenario, anyone can
produce a matching pair of different keys (public and private)...