I wrote a shell script .scripter.sh and wanted to simulate executing the script as another non-root user. I used sudo -u daemon bash .scripter.sh to do so, but it says "no permission". I then saw that I cannot read any file as user daemon, and in fact

stefan@stefan-HP-Laptop:~$ touch file
stefan@stefan-HP-Laptop:~$ ll file 
-rw-r--r-- 1 stefan stefan 0 Dez  4 19:01 file
stefan@stefan-HP-Laptop:~$ sudo -u daemon [ -r file ]; echo $?

which shows that the user has no read permission, although the permission -rw-r--r-- indicates that the file is readable by anyone. I hope someone can shed light on this mystery. Thanks

Edit: Actually, the following works

stefan@stefan-HP-Laptop:~$ cd test/
stefan@stefan-HP-Laptop:~/test$ ll -d .
drwxr-xr-x 2 stefan stefan 4096 Dez  4 19:40 ./
stefan@stefan-HP-Laptop:~/test$ touch file
stefan@stefan-HP-Laptop:~/test$ sudo -u daemon [ -r file ]; echo $?
[sudo] Passwort für stefan: 

As steeldriver wrote, it has to do with execute permission on the file's parent directory. Indeed, my home directory did not grant any user other than myself any rights.

Edit2: It seems you need execute permission on every directory between you and the file you want to read, including your current working directory. I cannot access ~/test/file as another user from my home folder, but I can do it as another user when I'm in directory ~/test. This coincides with this answer

  • @steeldriver: Actually, I'm still a bit puzzled. I will need to look into this. Permission for a directory keep confusing me :-) Thank you – Stefan Hamcke Dec 4 '17 at 18:53
  • @steeldriver: Would you like to make this an answer, since you gave the crucial information? – Stefan Hamcke Dec 4 '17 at 19:18

This behavior may result from a lack of execute permission on the file's parent directory

Ex. given

$ ls -ld tests/{,file}
drwxrwxr-x 2 steeldriver steeldriver 4096 Dec  4 13:46 tests/
-rw-rw-r-- 1 steeldriver steeldriver  322 Dec  4 13:33 tests/file


$ sudo -u daemon [ -r tests/file ]; echo $?


$ chmod o-x tests
$ sudo -u daemon [ -r tests/file ]; echo $?

You can think of execute permission for a directory as permission to open and traverse the directory contents.

  • Yes It appears to be the case but OP did not state that originally! – George Udosen Dec 5 '17 at 3:14

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