I'm trying to set up an application that relies on Cuda - I'm running Ubuntu 16.04 with Cuda 9.0 and 384 Nvidia drivers + GCC 5.4 - details below.


$ nvcc -V
nvcc: NVIDIA (R) Cuda compiler driver
Copyright (c) 2005-2017 NVIDIA Corporation
Built on Fri_Sep__1_21:08:03_CDT_2017
Cuda compilation tools, release 9.0, V9.0.176


$ nvidia-smi
Fri Oct 27 00:34:35 2017       
| NVIDIA-SMI 384.90                 Driver Version: 384.90                    |
| GPU  Name        Persistence-M| Bus-Id        Disp.A | Volatile Uncorr. ECC |
| Fan  Temp  Perf  Pwr:Usage/Cap|         Memory-Usage | GPU-Util  Compute M. |
|   0  GeForce GTX 960     Off  | 00000000:02:00.0 Off |                  N/A |
|  0%   31C    P0    27W / 120W |      0MiB /  1989MiB |      0%      Default |

| Processes:                                                       GPU Memory |
|  GPU       PID   Type   Process name                             Usage      |
|  No running processes found                                                 |

Cuda examples from the toolkit build fine and run, so I'm confident the problem is not with the Cuda or Nvidia part :)


$ gcc --version
gcc (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.5) 5.4.0 20160609
Copyright (C) 2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO

Cuda is apparently quite particular about what GCC version it uses, but I am told (Google searches) that this is the right version (?)

Other references that I have looked at regarding the build is from the project owner:

I've not had any problems until I run the ./build.sh script as per the instructions.

The error I get is:

Makefile:2199: recipe for target 'all-recursive' failed
make[1]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1'
Makefile:654: recipe for target 'all' failed
make: *** [all] Error 2

The complete output:

$ ./build.sh
Making distclean in compat
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1/compat'
Making distclean in jansson
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1/compat/jansson'
test -z "libjansson.a" || rm -f libjansson.a
rm -f *.o
rm -f *.tab.c
test -z "" || rm -f 
test . = "." || test -z "" || rm -f 
rm -rf ./.deps
rm -f Makefile
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1/compat/jansson'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1/compat'
test -z "" || rm -f 
test . = "." || test -z "" || rm -f 
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1/compat'
rm -f Makefile
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1/compat'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1'
test -z "ccminer" || rm -f ccminer
rm -f *.o
rm -f Algo256/*.o
rm -f JHA/*.o
rm -f compat/*.o
rm -f crypto/*.o
rm -f crypto/cpu/*.o
rm -f equi/*.o
rm -f equi/blake2/*.o
rm -f heavy/*.o
rm -f lbry/*.o
rm -f lyra2/*.o
rm -f neoscrypt/*.o
rm -f quark/*.o
rm -f qubit/*.o
rm -f scrypt/*.o
rm -f sha256/*.o
rm -f sia/*.o
rm -f skunk/*.o
rm -f sph/*.o
rm -f tribus/*.o
rm -f x11/*.o
rm -f x13/*.o
rm -f x15/*.o
rm -f x17/*.o
rm -f *.tab.c
test -z "" || rm -f 
test . = "." || test -z "" || rm -f 
rm -f Algo256/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f Algo256/.dirstamp
rm -f JHA/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f JHA/.dirstamp
rm -f compat/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f compat/.dirstamp
rm -f crypto/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f crypto/.dirstamp
rm -f crypto/cpu/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f crypto/cpu/.dirstamp
rm -f equi/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f equi/.dirstamp
rm -f equi/blake2/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f equi/blake2/.dirstamp
rm -f heavy/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f heavy/.dirstamp
rm -f lbry/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f lbry/.dirstamp
rm -f lyra2/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f lyra2/.dirstamp
rm -f neoscrypt/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f neoscrypt/.dirstamp
rm -f quark/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f quark/.dirstamp
rm -f qubit/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f qubit/.dirstamp
rm -f scrypt/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f scrypt/.dirstamp
rm -f sha256/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f sha256/.dirstamp
rm -f sia/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f sia/.dirstamp
rm -f skunk/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f skunk/.dirstamp
rm -f sph/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f sph/.dirstamp
rm -f tribus/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f tribus/.dirstamp
rm -f x11/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f x11/.dirstamp
rm -f x13/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f x13/.dirstamp
rm -f x15/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f x15/.dirstamp
rm -f x17/.deps/.dirstamp
rm -f x17/.dirstamp
rm -f ccminer-config.h stamp-h1
rm -f cscope.out cscope.in.out cscope.po.out cscope.files
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1'
rm -f config.status config.cache config.log configure.lineno config.status.lineno
rm -rf ./.deps compat/.deps crypto/.deps crypto/cpu/.deps equi/.deps equi/blake2/.deps lyra2/.deps neoscrypt/.deps sia/.deps sph/.deps x13/.deps
rm -f Makefile
checking build system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
checking host system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
checking target system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
checking for a BSD-compatible install... /usr/bin/install -c
checking whether build environment is sane... yes
checking for a thread-safe mkdir -p... /bin/mkdir -p
checking for gawk... no
checking for mawk... mawk
checking whether make sets $(MAKE)... yes
checking whether make supports nested variables... yes
checking whether to enable maintainer-specific portions of Makefiles... no
checking for style of include used by make... GNU
checking for gcc... gcc
checking whether the C compiler works... yes
checking for C compiler default output file name... a.out
checking for suffix of executables... 
checking whether we are cross compiling... no
checking for suffix of object files... o
checking whether we are using the GNU C compiler... yes
checking whether gcc accepts -g... yes
checking for gcc option to accept ISO C89... none needed
checking whether gcc understands -c and -o together... yes
checking dependency style of gcc... gcc3
checking for gcc option to accept ISO C99... none needed
checking how to run the C preprocessor... gcc -E
checking for grep that handles long lines and -e... /bin/grep
checking for egrep... /bin/grep -E
checking whether gcc needs -traditional... no
checking dependency style of gcc... gcc3
checking for ranlib... ranlib
checking for g++... g++
checking whether we are using the GNU C++ compiler... yes
checking whether g++ accepts -g... yes
checking dependency style of g++... gcc3
checking for gcc option to support OpenMP... -fopenmp
checking for ANSI C header files... yes
checking for sys/types.h... yes
checking for sys/stat.h... yes
checking for stdlib.h... yes
checking for string.h... yes
checking for memory.h... yes
checking for strings.h... yes
checking for inttypes.h... yes
checking for stdint.h... yes
checking for unistd.h... yes
checking sys/endian.h usability... no
checking sys/endian.h presence... no
checking for sys/endian.h... no
checking sys/param.h usability... yes
checking sys/param.h presence... yes
checking for sys/param.h... yes
checking syslog.h usability... yes
checking syslog.h presence... yes
checking for syslog.h... yes
checking for sys/sysctl.h... yes
checking whether be32dec is declared... no
checking whether le32dec is declared... no
checking whether be32enc is declared... no
checking whether le32enc is declared... no
checking for size_t... yes
checking for working alloca.h... yes
checking for alloca... yes
checking for getopt_long... yes
checking for json_loads in -ljansson... yes
checking for pthread_create in -lpthread... yes
checking for gzopen in -lz... yes
checking for SSL_library_init in -lssl... yes
checking for EVP_DigestFinal_ex in -lcrypto... yes
checking for gawk... (cached) mawk
checking for curl-config... /usr/bin/curl-config
checking for the version of libcurl... 7.47.0
checking for libcurl >= version 7.15.2... yes
checking whether libcurl is usable... yes
checking for curl_free... yes
checking that generated files are newer than configure... done
configure: creating ./config.status
config.status: creating Makefile
config.status: creating compat/Makefile
config.status: creating compat/jansson/Makefile
config.status: creating ccminer-config.h
config.status: executing depfiles commands
make  all-recursive
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1'
Making all in compat
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1/compat'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1/compat'
make[3]: Nothing to be done for 'all-am'.
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1/compat'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1/compat'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1'
gcc -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -g -O2 -MT ccminer-crc32.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-crc32.Tpo -c -o ccminer-crc32.o `test -f 'crc32.c' || echo './'`crc32.c
gcc -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -g -O2 -MT ccminer-hefty1.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-hefty1.Tpo -c -o ccminer-hefty1.o `test -f 'hefty1.c' || echo './'`hefty1.c
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -O3 -march=native -D_REENTRANT -falign-functions=16 -falign-jumps=16 -falign-labels=16 -MT ccminer-ccminer.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-ccminer.Tpo -c -o ccminer-ccminer.o `test -f 'ccminer.cpp' || echo './'`ccminer.cpp
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -O3 -march=native -D_REENTRANT -falign-functions=16 -falign-jumps=16 -falign-labels=16 -MT ccminer-pools.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-pools.Tpo -c -o ccminer-pools.o `test -f 'pools.cpp' || echo './'`pools.cpp
mv -f .deps/ccminer-crc32.Tpo .deps/ccminer-crc32.Po
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -O3 -march=native -D_REENTRANT -falign-functions=16 -falign-jumps=16 -falign-labels=16 -MT ccminer-util.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-util.Tpo -c -o ccminer-util.o `test -f 'util.cpp' || echo './'`util.cpp
mv -f .deps/ccminer-pools.Tpo .deps/ccminer-pools.Po
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -O3 -march=native -D_REENTRANT -falign-functions=16 -falign-jumps=16 -falign-labels=16 -MT ccminer-bench.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-bench.Tpo -c -o ccminer-bench.o `test -f 'bench.cpp' || echo './'`bench.cpp
mv -f .deps/ccminer-hefty1.Tpo .deps/ccminer-hefty1.Po
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -O3 -march=native -D_REENTRANT -falign-functions=16 -falign-jumps=16 -falign-labels=16 -MT ccminer-bignum.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-bignum.Tpo -c -o ccminer-bignum.o `test -f 'bignum.cpp' || echo './'`bignum.cpp
mv -f .deps/ccminer-bench.Tpo .deps/ccminer-bench.Po
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -O3 -march=native -D_REENTRANT -falign-functions=16 -falign-jumps=16 -falign-labels=16 -MT ccminer-api.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-api.Tpo -c -o ccminer-api.o `test -f 'api.cpp' || echo './'`api.cpp
mv -f .deps/ccminer-bignum.Tpo .deps/ccminer-bignum.Po
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -O3 -march=native -D_REENTRANT -falign-functions=16 -falign-jumps=16 -falign-labels=16 -MT ccminer-hashlog.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-hashlog.Tpo -c -o ccminer-hashlog.o `test -f 'hashlog.cpp' || echo './'`hashlog.cpp
mv -f .deps/ccminer-api.Tpo .deps/ccminer-api.Po
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -O3 -march=native -D_REENTRANT -falign-functions=16 -falign-jumps=16 -falign-labels=16 -MT ccminer-nvml.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-nvml.Tpo -c -o ccminer-nvml.o `test -f 'nvml.cpp' || echo './'`nvml.cpp
mv -f .deps/ccminer-util.Tpo .deps/ccminer-util.Po
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -O3 -march=native -D_REENTRANT -falign-functions=16 -falign-jumps=16 -falign-labels=16 -MT ccminer-stats.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-stats.Tpo -c -o ccminer-stats.o `test -f 'stats.cpp' || echo './'`stats.cpp
mv -f .deps/ccminer-hashlog.Tpo .deps/ccminer-hashlog.Po
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -O3 -march=native -D_REENTRANT -falign-functions=16 -falign-jumps=16 -falign-labels=16 -MT ccminer-sysinfos.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-sysinfos.Tpo -c -o ccminer-sysinfos.o `test -f 'sysinfos.cpp' || echo './'`sysinfos.cpp
mv -f .deps/ccminer-sysinfos.Tpo .deps/ccminer-sysinfos.Po
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -O3 -march=native -D_REENTRANT -falign-functions=16 -falign-jumps=16 -falign-labels=16 -MT ccminer-cuda.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-cuda.Tpo -c -o ccminer-cuda.o `test -f 'cuda.cpp' || echo './'`cuda.cpp
mv -f .deps/ccminer-stats.Tpo .deps/ccminer-stats.Po
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -O3 -march=native -D_REENTRANT -falign-functions=16 -falign-jumps=16 -falign-labels=16 -MT ccminer-nvsettings.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/ccminer-nvsettings.Tpo -c -o ccminer-nvsettings.o `test -f 'nvsettings.cpp' || echo './'`nvsettings.cpp
mv -f .deps/ccminer-nvml.Tpo .deps/ccminer-nvml.Po
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I.  -fopenmp  -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing  -I/usr/local/cuda/include -DUSE_WRAPNVML    -O3 -march=native -D_REENTRANT -falign-functions=16 -falign-jumps=16 -falign-labels=16 -MT equi/ccminer-equihash.o -MD -MP -MF equi/.deps/ccminer-equihash.Tpo -c -o equi/ccminer-equihash.o `test -f 'equi/equihash.cpp' || echo './'`equi/equihash.cpp
mv -f .deps/ccminer-nvsettings.Tpo .deps/ccminer-nvsettings.Po
/usr/local/cuda/bin/nvcc -gencode=arch=compute_52,code="sm_52,compute_52" -I/usr/local/cuda/include -I. -O3 -lineno -Xcompiler -Wall  -D_FORCE_INLINES  --ptxas-options="-v" --maxrregcount=128 -o equi/cuda_equi.o -c equi/cuda_equi.cu
nvcc fatal   : 'compute_52' is not in 'keyword=value' format
Makefile:2667: recipe for target 'equi/cuda_equi.o' failed
make[2]: *** [equi/cuda_equi.o] Error 1
make[2]: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs....
mv -f .deps/ccminer-cuda.Tpo .deps/ccminer-cuda.Po
mv -f .deps/ccminer-ccminer.Tpo .deps/ccminer-ccminer.Po
mv -f equi/.deps/ccminer-equihash.Tpo equi/.deps/ccminer-equihash.Po
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1'
Makefile:2199: recipe for target 'all-recursive' failed
make[1]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/tony/Mining/ccminer1'
Makefile:654: recipe for target 'all' failed
make: *** [all] Error 2

Thanks in advance!

(Edited to add full build output)

  • There's not really anything diagnostic in the generic "recipe for target xxxx failed" message - you'll need to include at least the actual nvcc or gcc error that causes make to bail – steeldriver Oct 27 '17 at 0:41
  • I had another look at the output and saw this line: nvcc fatal : 'compute_52' is not in 'keyword=value' format - means nothing to me but I noticed it had nvcc as a prefix... – Tony Merryfield Oct 27 '17 at 1:03

Not sure did you figure out what was the problem, but I was just building ccminer and went trough few tutorials and also found your post.

Line from your logs which is culprit:

/usr/local/cuda/bin/nvcc -gencode=arch=compute_52,code="sm_52,compute_52" -I/usr/local/cuda/include -I. -O3 -lineno -Xcompiler -Wall  -D_FORCE_INLINES  --ptxas-options="-v" --maxrregcount=128 -o equi/cuda_equi.o -c equi/cuda_equi.cu

Similar line from my logs:

/usr/local/cuda/bin/nvcc -gencode=arch=compute_61,code=\"sm_61,compute_61\" -I/usr/local/cuda/include -I. -O3 -lineno -Xcompiler -Wall  -D_FORCE_INLINES  --ptxas-options="-v" --maxrregcount=128 -o scrypt/sha256.o -c scrypt/sha256.cu

Now you can see difference here, you are missing backslashes for nvcc_ARCH in Makefile.am:

nvcc_ARCH  = -gencode=arch=compute_52,code=\"sm_52,compute_52\"

I hope someone will find it useful.

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