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I miss those pins I make in Windows.

enter image description here enter image description here

How can I do the same in Ubuntu 17.10 with GNOME 3?

  • 2
    I know i can pin my nautilus. Now i want to pin Downloads to that nautilus pinned to the ubuntu dock. – nazar2sfive Oct 20 '17 at 13:37
  • 2
    One way could be creating a custom .desktop file for nautilus. – Videonauth Dec 10 '17 at 12:18
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+25

Follow the steps below.

  1. Create a .desktop file (say custom-filemanager.desktop) in ~/.local/share/applications. You can do this by running the following command in Terminal

    touch ~/.local/share/applications/custom-filemanager.desktop
    
  2. Open the .desktop file using a text-editor, for example by running

    gedit ~/.local/share/applications/custom-filemanager.desktop
    
  3. Add the following lines to the file:

    [Desktop Entry]
    Name=File Manager
    Comment=Access and organize files
    Keywords=folder;manager;explore;disk;filesystem;
    Exec=nautilus --new-window %U
    Icon=org.gnome.Nautilus
    Terminal=false
    Type=Application
    Categories=GNOME;GTK;Utility;Core;FileManager;
    Actions=new-window;open-downloads;
    
    [Desktop Action new-window]
    Name=New Window
    Exec=nautilus --new-window
    [Desktop Action open-downloads]
    Name=Open my Downloads folder
    Exec=nautilus /home/YOUR-USER-NAME/Downloads
    

    Replace YOUR-USER-NAME by your user-name in the last line.

  4. Save the file.

  5. Click on "Activities" and search for "File Manager". It should appear.

  6. Right click on the "File Manager" and select "Add to Favourites". It should be added to the dock.

Now if you right click on the newly added File Manager icon in the dock, you should see a "Open my Downloads folder" option which should work as expected.

enter image description here

Similarly you can add shortcuts to other locations by adding new Desktop Actions and adding the name of the action to the Actions= line. For more info see this.

  • Hi there, Using Ubuntu 18.04 here. Your advice almost worked as expected. But by following your instructions I got two issues: 1. There are, now, two nautilus icons on applications overview; 2. When the new nautilus icon is pinned in the dock and I choose, for example, "open my download folders", the default nautilus icon appear in the dock with the Download folder (when the Download folder is supposed to open in the new created icon itself). As a result I end up with two nautilus icons in the dock as well. Do you know how to fix these? – Alex Góes Fuhrmann Feb 14 at 22:50
  • @alex The first one is kinda intended, to distinguish from the system one. You can hide the system one by adding a NoDisplay=true line to the associated .desktop launcher. For the second part you need to add a correct StartupWMClass entry to the .desktop file: askubuntu.com/q/975178/480481 If it still doesn't work, then there might be a bug with Ubuntu dock, you may have to report at launchpad.net. – pomsky Feb 14 at 23:55
  • After some attemps I figured out how to make it work properly. Thank you for the tips, I'll post a new answer in this topic explaning how to make it work in Ubuntu 18.04 for users who may need it. – Alex Góes Fuhrmann Feb 16 at 14:27
2

It's not prefect for what you seek, but you might be interested in the Gno-Menu extension.

The extension adds a quite configurable menu. The following shows it's default:

enter image description here

The recent documents I have accessed are shown on the right. The shortcuts on the left are set to the Places of Nautilus. The highlighted folder shortcut is to a folder I have "pinned" in Nautilus.

The Recents overview does not seem to support viewed folders. I don't know how the "Link to Intro etc." link got in there. Creating a new link to a folder and opening it did not put the folder there, and roaming in Nautilus does not affect Recents (until you open a file).

The right-hand side can also be configured to show your Favorites from the overview, where you could then add .desktop entries for Nautilus to open specific folders. (See pomsky's answer, but use Exec=nautilus /home/user/folder/ --new-window %U and include only the [Desktop Entry] part.)

2

As we can pin only Application to Gnome Dock, the best available option here is creating an application launcher that will open the favorite directory directly with a single mouse click.

  1. So in order to do that navigate to activities and search for "Main menu".

    screenshot

    Now you will get a window titled Main menu.

  2. Click on New item. and You will get a small window and fill the fields like described below.

    In the given example I am pinning my Videos directory to Dock.

    screenshot

    And now it will be shown at the bottom of the main menu window like this

    screenshot.

  3. Click on close button and again go to activities and search for the the "Name" provided. In my case its "My Videos". Single click on that and just drag and drop it to the Gnome dock.

    Now You will get the shortcut on your Dock.

    screenshot

If you click on that you will get your favorite directory which you set opened by nautilus.

Tweaks

You can do more tweaks like changing the icon of the application launcher you want while creating the shortcut of even after creating the shortcut and pinning it.

After tweaking my shortcut (My Videos) is like this.

screenshot

1

Here is how to make it in Ubuntu 18.04:

  1. Open Files, press Ctrl+L and paste /usr/share/applications.

  2. Look for the "Files" icon and copy it (right click > Copy)

    Note: in my system, I don't know why, there are tree "Files" icon. For this procedure I selected the first one, which has 2,7kB. To make sure it'll work in your computer I recommend you to do the same.

  3. Now open your personal folder and press Ctrl+H to show hidden files.

  4. Once you've done it, navigate to .local/share/applications and paste the file you copied in the step 2 into this folder.

  5. You'll see a new icon called org.gnome.Nautilus.desktop. Right click on it and select "Open with other application". Select the Text Editor to open it and replace the content of the file with the following:

    [Desktop Entry]
    Name=Files
    Comment=Access and organize files
    Keywords=folder;manager;explore;disk;filesystem;
    Exec=nautilus --new-window %U
    Icon=org.gnome.Nautilus
    Terminal=false
    Type=Application
    Categories=GNOME;GTK;Utility;Core;FileManager;
    StartupWMClass=nautilus;Nautilus
    Actions=new-window;open-documents;open-downloads;open-pictures;open-music;open-videos;
    
    [Desktop Action new-window]
    Name=New window
    Exec=nautilus --new-window
    
    [Desktop Action open-documents]
    Name=Documents
    Exec=nautilus /home/YOUR-USER-NAME/Documents
    
    [Desktop Action open-downloads]
    Name=Downloads
    Exec=nautilus /home/YOUR-USER-NAME/Downloads
    
    [Desktop Action open-pictures]
    Name=Pictures
    Exec=nautilus /home/YOUR-USER-NAME/Pictures
    
    [Desktop Action open-music]
    Name=Music
    Exec=nautilus /home/YOUR-USER-NAME/Music
    
    [Desktop Action open-videos]
    Name=Videos
    Exec=nautilus /home/YOUR-USER-NAME/Videos
    

    Replace YOUR-USER-NAME by your username.

  6. Save the document and close it. You're done!

Note: If your system is in another language that not English replace the words of the filds Name= and Exec= of the desired [Desktop Action] for the equivalent in your language. See an example in Portuguese above:

[Desktop Action open-pictures]
Name=Pictures
Exec=nautilus /home/YOUR-USER-NAME/Pictures

Is going to be:

[Desktop Action open-pictures]
Name=Imagens
Exec=nautilus /home/YOUR-USER-NAME/Imagens

Finally, replace the word of the field Name=Files of [Desktop Entry] according to what Files means in your language. In Portuguese, for example, Files is translated Arquivos, so I had to change Name=Files to Name=Arquivos. If you don't do this, you'll end up with two Files icons with different names in your computer.


Final result

enter image description here

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