In different audio sources the level of sounds are different. It's very annoying to set the level of sound on almost every media content. Sometimes, when previously you had something quiet, you had to adjust it louder and after some time you want to play another media - bang! it unexpectedly breaks your headphones, the sound is so loud!

So, is there some plugin/feature which can automatically adjust the level of sound on every media content?

up vote 36 down vote accepted

Adjusting sound level with a LADSPA plugin

To obtain a fairly normalized sound output level independent of the input level we may use a LADSPA-plugin to filter the sound output through PulseAudio.

As a minimum, we need a compressor plugin such as the dysonCompressor from the swh-plugins Install swh-plugins which need to be installed if not yet present.

After having found out the name of our default sink with

pacmd list-sinks

and the exact name of the plugin as it is stored in /usr/lib/ladspa/ (with my system here dyson_compress_1403) we can issue the following command

pacmd load-module module-ladspa-sink sink_name=ladspa_sink master=<alsa_output> plugin=dyson_compress_1403 label=dysonCompress control=0,1,0.5,0.99

Replace <alsa_output> with the exact name of the output sink (in my system this was alsa_output.pci-0000_00_14.2.analog-stereo).

The compressed output can now be heard on the newly created output sink ladspa_sink accessible from the Sound Settings menu.

enter image description here

Control settings for the compressor plugin are as follows: peak limit, release time, fast ratio, ratio. See in the plugin documentation for more details, defaults and minimal resp maximal values for these controls.

To avoid clipping of playback we may also combine this plugin with a limiter after compression. We may use the fast_lookahead_limiter for this with the master sink being now our just created lasdpa_sink from above:

pacmd load-module module-ladspa-sink sink_name=ladspa_normalized master=ladspa_sink plugin=fast_lookahead_limiter_1913 label=fastLookaheadLimiter control=10,0,0.8

Source: settings above were adapted to pulseaudio from brien's blog on miscfits

  • very cool! by selecting the output entry above we can promptly hear the difference! btw, cmd to remove them just for tests pacmd unload-module module-ladspa-sink, and to select the normalized sink pacmd set-default-sink ladspa_normalized – Aquarius Power Feb 8 '16 at 20:33
  • I am experiencing a glitch, the volume suddenly gets too quiet, like it have been modified to prevent loudness, and then I have to up the volume one step to hear what ppl are speaking, but then it gets a bit loud.. I wonder if we could have some kind of "equalizer normalizer", where all the frequencies are dynamically managed to let us hear music, sound effects and people speech all properly normalized and never very loud. Any tip/idea? – Aquarius Power Feb 13 '16 at 22:01
  • 1
    @AquariusPower I guess it is because the plugin tries to guess in advance what the volume might be... this appears to be hard coded for 5 ms. You can try with another limiter e.g. from the TAP set: tap-plugins.sourceforge.net/ladspa/limiter.html that has a 12.5 ms latency or another compressor (e.g. MLT mltframework.org/bin/view/MLT/FilterLadspa-1072)... haven't tried that however. – Takkat Feb 13 '16 at 23:32
  • mmm... I must add that, the problem I experienced seems to have happened only on a single youtube video that by luck I was playing just after applying ladspa; this is working great for everything else, including games! thx on these other tips also, I will check them! – Aquarius Power Feb 22 '16 at 2:39
  • 1
    Change the control parameter to reflect control=-12,1,0.5,0.99 using -12 instead of 0. This means that only sound above -12 dB will be compressed (softened), which typically includes anything louder than voices / conversation. Make this change if you're finding that, when watching movies (e.g. RED 2 on NetFlix), the vocals are still too quiet compared to the explosions. – Jonathan Neufeld Sep 29 '16 at 6:02

Takkat's solution is good, but here's a variation which is simpler and permanent.

There are only two steps:

  1. apt-get install swh-plugins
  2. Cut and paste the following into a file called ~/.config/pulse/default.pa:

    .nofail
    .include /etc/pulse/default.pa
    load-module module-ladspa-sink  sink_name=ladspa_sink  plugin=dyson_compress_1403  label=dysonCompress  control=0,1,0.5,0.99
    load-module module-ladspa-sink  sink_name=ladspa_normalized  master=ladspa_sink  plugin=fast_lookahead_limiter_1913  label=fastLookaheadLimiter  control=10,0,0.8
    set-default-sink ladspa_normalized
    

The next time you log in (or run pulseaudio -k), you will automatically have normalization turned on by default.

  • What's the effect of omitting the "master" parameter? What's configured as the sink's master in that case? – Nicolay Doytchev Jan 27 at 22:32
  • Hi Nicolay: My reading of the source code indicates that a NULL string is the same as "@DEFAULT_SINK@". (See also line 216, or so, of namereg.c). But why do you ask? If there are any problems with my solution, I'd like to fix them. – hackerb9 Jan 29 at 1:06

Volume normalization is present in SMPlayer. Goto software center and download this awesome player, then enable volume normalization under audio options :)

Earlier I was also having audio normalization issues while playing movies on my VLC media player but few searches over Internet I was able to find a perfect solution for this and I have shared it below so that you can also benefit from it....

Audio Normalization VLC Fix / Audio Out of Sync VLC Fix

  • 2
    Welcome to Ask Ubuntu! Whilst this may theoretically answer the question, it would be preferable to include the essential parts of the answer here, and provide the link for reference. – Kevin Bowen Jan 25 '16 at 23:32

Along with an alternative, I have some comments to the solutions above that suggest using the dysoncompressor.

From the manual:

 2.37  Dyson compressor (dysonCompress, 1403)
Peak limit (dB)
Controls the desired limit of the output signal in dB's.
Release time (s)
Controls the time taken for the compressor to relax its gain control over the input signal.
Fast compression ratio
I have no clear idea what this controls.
Compression ratio
I have no clear idea what this controls. 

http://plugin.org.uk/ladspa-swh/docs/ladspa-swh.html#tth_sEc1.1

The author of the package doesn't know what the last two values control. So how could you all say what you should input as the last two values?

The plugin itself suggests control=0,0.25,0.5,0.5

$ analyseplugin /usr/lib/ladspa/dyson_compress_1403.so

Plugin Name: "Dyson compressor"
Plugin Label: "dysonCompress"
Plugin Unique ID: 1403
Maker: "Steve Harris <steve@plugin.org.uk>"
Copyright: "GPL"
Must Run Real-Time: No
Has activate() Function: Yes
Has deactivate() Function: No
Has run_adding() Function: Yes
Environment: Normal or Hard Real-Time
Ports:  "Peak limit (dB)" input, control, -30 to 0, default 0
    "Release time (s)" input, control, 0 to 1, default 0.25
    "Fast compression ratio" input, control, 0 to 1, default 0.5
    "Compression ratio" input, control, 0 to 1, default 0.5
    "Input" input, audio
    "Output" output, audio

I would even suggest that you try one of the other compressors, that seem better documented, like sc4.

load-module module-ladspa-sink  sink_name=ladspa_sink  plugin=sc4_1882 label=sc4  control=0,101.125,401,0,1,3.25,0

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