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I am a bit new to this, and I have a huge problem. Something went wrong with an initramfs command, the power failed and now I got a non-functioning HD. New install with USB doesn't work. Boot-Repair USB gave the following results:

Boot Info Script e7fc706 + Boot-Repair extra info      [Boot-Info 23Nov2014]


============================= Boot Info Summary: ===============================


sdb: ___________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       vfat
    Boot sector type:  FAT32
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg /syslinux.cfg /casper/vmlinuz.efi 
                       /EFI/BOOT/grubx64.efi /ldlinux.sys

============================ Drive/Partition Info: =============================

no valid partition table found
"blkid" output: ________________________________________________________________

Device           UUID                                   TYPE       LABEL

/dev/loop0                                              squashfs   
/dev/sdb         86C8-14A1                              vfat       bootrepair
/dev/zram0       afa290e2-6ebb-45d5-b973-5598a55a63f3   swap       
/dev/zram1       dc754150-9029-41c3-af73-69b0490be5f5   swap       
/dev/zram2       847a655c-fd48-40dd-a850-5506d9d521d4   swap       
/dev/zram3       93b8fddd-b957-4d52-a671-851f3b2082c5   swap       

========================= "ls -l /dev/disk/by-id" output: ======================

total 0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 Sep 17 02:44 ata-HL-DT-ST_DVDRAM_GUE1N_KX5H3B61955 -> ../../sr0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 Sep 17 03:03 ata-ST1000LM035-1RK172_WES0389X -> ../../sda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 Sep 17 03:03 usb-Generic_Flash_Disk_18963387-0:0 -> ../../sdb
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 Sep 17 03:03 wwn-0x5000c5009c950579 -> ../../sda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 Sep 17 02:44 wwn-0x5001480000000000 -> ../../sr0

================================ Mount points: =================================

Device           Mount_Point              Type       Options

/dev/loop0       /rofs                    squashfs   (ro,noatime)
/dev/sdb         /cdrom                   vfat       (ro,noatime,fmask=0022,dmask=0022,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro)


=========================== sdb/boot/grub/grub.cfg: ============================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

if loadfont /boot/grub/font.pf2 ; then
    set gfxmode=auto
    insmod efi_gop
    insmod efi_uga
    insmod gfxterm
    terminal_output gfxterm
fi

set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray

menuentry "Boot-Repair-Disk session" {
    set gfxpayload=keep
    linux   /casper/vmlinuz.efi  file=/cdrom/preseed/lubuntu.seed boot=casper quiet splash --
    initrd  /casper/initrd.lz
}
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

============================== sdb/syslinux.cfg: ===============================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
default menu.c32
prompt 0
menu title UNetbootin
timeout 100

label unetbootindefault
menu label Default
kernel /ubnkern
append initrd=/ubninit file=/cdrom/preseed/lubuntu.seed boot=casper quiet splash --

label ubnentry0
menu label ^Help
kernel /ubnkern
append initrd=/ubninit 

label ubnentry1
menu label ^64bit session
kernel /casper/vmlinuz.efi
append initrd=/casper/initrd.lz file=/cdrom/preseed/lubuntu.seed boot=casper  quiet splash --

label ubnentry2
menu label ^64bit session (failsafe)
kernel /casper/vmlinuz.efi
append initrd=/casper/initrd.lz file=/cdrom/preseed/lubuntu.seed boot=casper  noapic noapm nodma nomce nolapic nomodeset nosmp vga=normal --

label ubnentry3
menu label Boot-Repair-Disk session
kernel /casper/vmlinuz.efi
append initrd=/casper/initrd.lz file=/cdrom/preseed/lubuntu.seed boot=casper quiet splash --

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=============== sdb: Version of COM32(R) files used by Syslinux: ===============

 libcom32.c32                       :  not a COM32/COM32R module
 libutil.c32                        :  not a COM32/COM32R module
 menu.c32                           :  not a COM32/COM32R module

========= Devices which don't seem to have a corresponding hard drive: =========

sda 

=============================== StdErr Messages: ===============================

File descriptor 9 (/proc/7945/mounts) leaked on lvs invocation. Parent PID 13040: bash
File descriptor 63 (pipe:[29506]) leaked on lvs invocation. Parent PID 13040: bash
  No volume groups found

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION :
=================== log of boot-info 2017-09-17__03h00 ===================
boot-info version : 4ppa14
boot-sav version : 4ppa14
glade2script version : 3.2.2~ppa47~saucy
boot-sav-extra version : 4ppa14
File descriptor 9 (/proc/7945/mounts) leaked on lvs invocation. Parent PID 9767: /bin/sh
No volume groups found
boot-info is executed in live-session (Boot-Repair-Disk 64bit 29nov2014, trusty, Ubuntu, x86_64)
ls: cannot access /home/usr/.config: No such file or directory
CPU op-mode(s):        32-bit, 64-bit
BOOT_IMAGE=/casper/vmlinuz.efi file=/cdrom/preseed/lubuntu.seed boot=casper quiet splash --

=================== os-prober:


=================== blkid:
/dev/loop0: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/zram0: UUID="afa290e2-6ebb-45d5-b973-5598a55a63f3" TYPE="swap"
/dev/sdb: LABEL="bootrepair" UUID="86C8-14A1" TYPE="vfat"
/dev/zram1: UUID="dc754150-9029-41c3-af73-69b0490be5f5" TYPE="swap"
/dev/zram2: UUID="847a655c-fd48-40dd-a850-5506d9d521d4" TYPE="swap"
/dev/zram3: UUID="93b8fddd-b957-4d52-a671-851f3b2082c5" TYPE="swap"


efibootmgr -v
BootCurrent: 0003
Timeout: 1 seconds
BootOrder: 0003,0002,0000
Boot0000* Endless OS    Vendor(99e275e7-75a0-4b37-a2e6-c5385e6c00cb,)
Boot0002* ubuntu    Vendor(99e275e7-75a0-4b37-a2e6-c5385e6c00cb,)
Boot0003* UEFI: Generic Flash Disk 8.07 ACPI(a0341d0,0)PCI(15,0)USB(2,0)..BO
=================== UEFI/Legacy mode:
Unusual EFI: Please report this message to boot.repair@gmail.com
BIOS is EFI-compatible, and is setup in EFI-mode for this live-session.
SecureBoot disabled. (maybe sec-boot, Please report this message to boot.repair@gmail.com)


=================== PARTITIONS & DISKS:



=================== parted -l:

Model: Generic Flash Disk (scsi)
Disk /dev/sdb: 1011MB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: loop

Number  Start  End     Size    File system  Flags
1      0.00B  1011MB  1011MB  fat32




Error: /dev/zram0: unrecognised disk label



Error: /dev/zram1: unrecognised disk label



Error: /dev/zram2: unrecognised disk label



Error: /dev/zram3: unrecognised disk label

=================== parted -lm:

BYT;
/dev/sdb:1011MB:scsi:512:512:loop:Generic Flash Disk;
1:0.00B:1011MB:1011MB:fat32::;



Error: /dev/zram0: unrecognised disk label



Error: /dev/zram1: unrecognised disk label



Error: /dev/zram2: unrecognised disk label



Error: /dev/zram3: unrecognised disk label


=================== mount:
/cow on / type overlayfs (rw)
proc on /proc type proc (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev)
sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev)
udev on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,mode=0755)
devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,noexec,nosuid,gid=5,mode=0620)
tmpfs on /run type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,size=10%,mode=0755)
/dev/sdb on /cdrom type vfat (ro,noatime,fmask=0022,dmask=0022,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro)
/dev/loop0 on /rofs type squashfs (ro,noatime)
none on /sys/fs/cgroup type tmpfs (rw)
none on /sys/fs/fuse/connections type fusectl (rw)
none on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw)
none on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw)
none on /sys/firmware/efi/efivars type efivarfs (rw)
tmpfs on /tmp type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev)
none on /run/lock type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev,size=5242880)
none on /run/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev)
none on /run/user type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev,size=104857600,mode=0755)
none on /sys/fs/pstore type pstore (rw)
systemd on /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd type cgroup (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev,none,name=systemd)
gvfsd-fuse on /run/user/999/gvfs type fuse.gvfsd-fuse (rw,nosuid,nodev,user=lubuntu)


=================== ls:
/sys/block/sda (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range holders inflight power queue range removable ro size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/sys/block/sdb (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range holders inflight power queue range removable ro size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/sys/block/sr0 (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range holders inflight power queue range removable ro size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/dev (filtered):  autofs block bsg btrfs-control bus cdrom char console core cpu cpu_dma_latency cuse disk ecryptfs fb0 fd full fuse hidraw0 hidraw1 hpet input kmsg kvm log mapper mcelog mem net network_latency network_throughput null port ppp psaux ptmx pts random rfkill rtc rtc0 sda sdb sg0 sg1 sg2 shm snapshot snd sr0 stderr stdin stdout uhid uinput urandom v4l vga_arbiter vhci vhost-net video0 zero
ls /dev/mapper:  control

=================== df -Th:

Filesystem     Type       Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/cow           overlayfs  3.9G  5.2M  3.9G   1% /
udev           devtmpfs   3.9G   12K  3.9G   1% /dev
tmpfs          tmpfs      785M  1.1M  784M   1% /run
/dev/sdb       vfat       963M  647M  316M  68% /cdrom
/dev/loop0     squashfs   549M  549M     0 100% /rofs
none           tmpfs      4.0K     0  4.0K   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
tmpfs          tmpfs      3.9G   12K  3.9G   1% /tmp
none           tmpfs      5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
none           tmpfs      3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /run/shm
none           tmpfs      100M   16K  100M   1% /run/user

=================== fdisk -l:

Disk /dev/sdb: 1010 MB, 1010827264 bytes
32 heads, 61 sectors/track, 1011 cylinders, total 1974272 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System


Error: no partitions
gui-tab-other.sh: line 94: _checkbutton_repairfilesystems: command not found


=================== Suggested repair
The default repair of the Boot-Repair utility would not act on the MBR.
Additional repair would be performed:  repair-filesystems


=================== User settings
The settings chosen by the user will not act on the boot.

Before I fiddle around more I'd rather ask how I can fix the HD bad block, never mind recovering the data really, albeit it would be nice to fix it. My laptop is just 4 months old. The originally installed OS on it was Endless OS, but I installed Ubuntu 16.04 on the entire HD.

closed as unclear what you're asking by waltinator, David Foerster, storm, Eric Carvalho, dessert Sep 21 '17 at 6:55

Please clarify your specific problem or add additional details to highlight exactly what you need. As it's currently written, it’s hard to tell exactly what you're asking. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • A "bad block" is an hardware issue fixable by replacing the HDD. – user692175 Sep 17 '17 at 4:24
  • i'd suggest booting a live OS (ubuntu install media will work), and running smartctl, hdsentinel or whatever SMART tool you prefer to check the health of your HDD(s). it could be the power-out was the straw that killed your HDD[s-back]. iff you were monitoring its health which is what SMART is on it for, you'd have known this anyway. if SMART reveals a healthy disk (with just bad areas), you can create a new partition table & start creating new filesystems (if you must), then restore your backups. if you have no backups; don't re-use this disk; keep it to get data off... – guiverc Sep 17 '17 at 4:44
  • I think the health is ok, as i can see the HD with the comment "disk on, bad block" hwen trying to install or doing a Try out from the usb install usb. It just shows no partitions at all, only 'no media' – guenther Sep 17 '17 at 5:03
  • 2
    What makes you think from that output that you have a "bad block" or bad sector in your HDD? Unless you are absolutely sure about that, just booting with a live USB, then using gparted or something to recreate partition table and format the HDD with EXT4 or something should be the way to go. – Prahlad Yeri Sep 17 '17 at 5:38
  • Ubuntu doesn't even detect a drive aside from the one used to boot a live system. Unless the drive works on a different machine it's likely toast. – David Foerster Sep 17 '17 at 16:42