My research into the problem has found relevant information which I posted at the bottom.
Problem - I am trying to format my current partition of Ubuntu Gnome 17.04 and and install Ubuntu Gnome 16.04 onto my desktop and I cannot get the installation from the usb boot drive to work.
Expected solution - At first I was confused because I installed ubuntu before on this computer and didnt have any issues and thought it was a uefi issue or something. I have recently upgraded my graphics card and I believe that is the issue based on the below links. I expected the problem to get fixed by turning on nomodeset but it did not solve the issue. I have been dealing with this problem for over a week and I appreciate any and all help. I have not tried to download Ubuntu server like one of the solutions suggested.
What I have tried:
I know the usb drive works because I can do it on my laptop. From the boot up menu I have a few options to boot from my usb: uefi usb, just the usb, or uefi shell.
When I choose the uefi drive option grub comes up and gives me 3 options (install, install oem, check disk) and when i choose install, it goes to a black screen where there is a cursor that blinks 6 or so times and then freezes.
If I choose the non uefi usb option, i have a few options. A screen comes on that shows something like a battery and a person at the bottom, if I let it run I get many lines printed out that follow the following format (only the first number changes) in the print out:
[6.4XXXXX(monotonically increasing numbers)] nouveau 0000:01:00.0 fifo: SCHED_ERROR 08 
if i hit the down arrow a Ubuntu start up screen comes up. Ive tried to boot from that menu after hitting F6 and turning on nomodeset, acpi=off, and nolapic but I get the same issue as the uefi boot (blank screen).
Thanks for any and all help!
- Mobo - MSI Z97 PC Mate
- CPU - Xeon e3 1231 v3
- GPU - EVGA 1080ti FE
- Monitor - 29" UHD LG
- I dual boot ubuntu gnome 17.04 and Windows 10.