I am following this tutorial to run one of the examples provided by PCL (point cloud library): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CXK95Hi4M7I

But when executing the make command (https://youtu.be/CXK95Hi4M7I?t=243) I get the following output:

yalishanda@yalishanda-thinkpad-x200:~/PCL/visualRangeExample/build$ make
make[2]: *** No rule to make target '/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libpcl_common.so', needed by 'range_image_visualization'.  Stop.
CMakeFiles/Makefile2:67: recipe for target 'CMakeFiles/range_image_visualization.dir/all' failed
make[1]: *** [CMakeFiles/range_image_visualization.dir/all] Error 2
Makefile:83: recipe for target 'all' failed
make: *** [all] Error 2

Could someone tell me what the issue is and how I can solve it?

Thank you


The Makefile generated by cmake:

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# The top-level source directory on which CMake was run.
CMAKE_SOURCE_DIR = /home/yalishanda/PCL/visualRangeExample

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the CMakeLists.txt file:

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 2.6 FATAL_ERROR)


find_package(PCL 1.3 REQUIRED)


add_executable (range_image_visualization range_image_visualization.cpp)
target_link_libraries (range_image_visualization ${PCL_LIBRARIES})
  • Do you have libproj-dev installed? Install it and try again.
    – Seth
    Jul 26, 2017 at 15:48
  • @Seth yes it is already installed. I updated my post with the Makefile Jul 26, 2017 at 15:51

2 Answers 2


The error:

make[2]: *** No rule to make target '/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libpcl_common.so', needed by 'range_image_visualization'. Stop.

means that make cannot find the file /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libpcl_common.so that it needs to finish the compilation.

First check if the file exists:

$ stat /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libpcl_common.so  
stat: cannot stat '/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libpcl_common.so': No such file or directory  

Ok, so we need to install it. The easiest way to figure out what package provides libpcl_common.so is using a tool called apt-file. Install and set it up:

sudo apt-get install apt-file
apt-file update

When that is finished you can run:

$ apt-file search /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libpcl_common.so  
libpcl-common1.8: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libpcl_common.so.1.8
libpcl-common1.8: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libpcl_common.so.1.8.0
libpcl-dev: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libpcl_common.so

And there you go! Install libpcl-dev and you should be golden.

It's also worth noting that usually, inside your source directory, there should be a README file with a list of the dependencies you will need to install, which should help remove some of this guessing and save some time.

  • btw, usually I look for packages using apt-cache. In other words here I tried "sudo apt-cache pkgnames libpcl", which gives way more options. But I just have no idea at all which one to install. Is it better to always use your alternative ie apt-file? How do they differ? Jul 26, 2017 at 16:14
  • 1
    @trilolil apt-cache search just searches the package name and short description. apt-file search is looking inside the packages to see which one includes the file you searched for.
    – Seth
    Jul 26, 2017 at 16:23

In my case the "missing" file was /usr/local/cuda/lib64/stubs/libcuda.so. I used your technique to look for a package containing it, but no joy. Problem was, the cuda development install placed the required stub in another location. I found it using:

$ cd /
$ find . -name libcuda.so

I found that the stubs actually did exist in /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/stubs. So, I figured I don't have the skill to fix the makefile, but I can help it find what I need to complete the compile.

$ cd /usr/local
  (and saw that the cuda directory did not exist.)
$ sudo mkdir cuda
$ cd cuda
$ sudo mkdir lib64
$ cd lib64
$ sudo ln -s /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/stubs stubs

...and that did the trick. Nothing elegant, it just worked.


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