How can I search for *.odt or *.doc files that contain certain text in Ubuntu?

I use grep -rl <text to search for>, but this only works for text files.

Note: a solution that uses grep (such as searchmonkey) will not work because the *.doc or *.odt files have a special format.

From How to search for strings inside files in a folder?

  • Recoll wants to index my home directory, but I want to search *.odt files in specific directories; I couldn't figure out how to do that with this tool.
  • Searchmonkey seems to be a GUI for grep, and as I mentioned, grep doesn't work on *.doc or *.odt files.
  • Regexxer also has the same problem.

From Searching through ODT documents without opening them?

  • Like Recoll, I couldn't figure out how to search *.odt files in specific directories with this tool.

marked as duplicate by sudodus, muru, Eric Carvalho, user364819, Zanna Jul 25 '17 at 10:54

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.


catdoc appears to work recursively for .doc files in 16.04: https://superuser.com/questions/330242/how-to-recursively-find-a-doc-file-that-contains-a-specific-word

There's no mention of .docx so you'll need to figure that one out yourself.

For .ods or .odt files, you could have the following script courtesy kaibob @ ubuntuforums.org:


find . -type f -name "*.od*" | while read i ; do
   [ "$1" ] || { echo "You forgot search string!" ; exit 1 ; }
   unzip -ca "$i" 2>/dev/null | grep -iq "$*"
   if [ $? -eq 0 ] ; then
      echo "string found in $i" | nl

Let's say you call it "libre-search" and have made it executable.

Then, running libre-search your_string should list files containing your_string.

unzip -ca "$i" 2>/dev/null takes care of unwanted content.
grep -iq makes the search case-insensitive.
nl numbers the output.

  • 3
    One could also convert ODT/S/P files to PDF with unoconv then use pdfgrep. – Andrea Lazzarotto Jul 23 '17 at 12:36
  • 1
    This looks promising. I will try it and comment back. – PJ Singh Jul 24 '17 at 1:30
  • @Andrea Lazzarto, your idea sounds good too. In my particular case, I have hundreds of files, within a directory structure, so I wouldn't want to convert all of them. However, you should post your suggestion as an answer, because it may be useful to someone else searching for this topic. – PJ Singh Aug 1 '17 at 2:17
  • 1
    @ DK Bose, your solution worked the best out of the ones I tried (from the alternate questions above). I did experience some errors in the unzip process for some files, but that might be due to corrupt files. I like the fact that your solution is command line based, it can work on an arbitrary directory, it can be scripted to search though directory trees, and that it does not require me to index all my files. – PJ Singh Aug 1 '17 at 2:20
  • I've modified the code slightly to remove the unzip errors and to make the search insensitive. – DK Bose Feb 4 '18 at 6:41

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