I have a daemon that runs fine if I start it manually with the service command:

ricardo@ricardo-laptop:~$ sudo service minidlna start                   
 * Starting minidlna minidlna                                                              [ OK ] 

but it's not configured to auto start when the PC reboots.

How can I configure it to start automatically, even if no one is logged into the PC?

  • @user154721 What arguments did you give update-rc.d to make autostart work? I've tried various options but haven't had any luck. – BennyTheBen Aug 13 '13 at 10:41
  • Auto-start programs are configured in autostart manifests or in *.service files in several locations, as well as in init.d or crontab. See: unix.stackexchange.com/a/525845/43233 – Noam Manos Jun 20 '19 at 6:34
sudo update-rc.d minidlna defaults

This should add the service to the automatic startup system. But if you get:

System start/stop links for /etc/init.d/minidlna already exist.

Do the command

sudo update-rc.d minidlna enable

P.S.: For further detail look at the man page for update-rc.d by typing the command man update-rc.d

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  • 7
    thanks, but what if I get this output when running that command?: System start/stop links for /etc/init.d/minidlna already exist. – Ricardo Reyes Oct 25 '10 at 16:02
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    if minidlna doesnt write to any logfile you won't find it any where. Does it maybe fail because there is no network connection when it is started? Try to look at the configuration if it is possible turn on debugging and/or logging to find out whats wrong. – LassePoulsen Oct 25 '10 at 16:20
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    @RicardoReyes use sudo update-rc.d -f minidlna remove to remove the existing links. – Dogweather Jun 9 '14 at 6:04
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    I am getting below error update-rc.d: /etc/init.d/usermanage: file does not exist – Rizwan Patel Mar 14 '16 at 8:17
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    I am also, got the same error update-rc.d: /etc/init.d/mongod: file does not exist. Then, sudo systemctl enable mongod.service worked for me. – explorer Jan 25 '19 at 3:42
  • To start a daemon at startup:

    update-rc.d service_name defaults
  • To remove:

    update-rc.d -f service_name remove

defaults => default run levels 2,3,4 and 5


update-rc.d tomcat7 defaults
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    When I do this command, I get "System start/stop links for /etc/init.d/tomcat7 already exist". however, when I reboot, it does not start tomcat, I always have to do "service tomcat7 start". – John Little Feb 8 '16 at 15:51
  • in my case sudo update-rc.d myservice default always completes with no output and the service won't start on boot-up or with sudo service myservice start which also completes silently. sudo /etc/init.d/myservice start works however – axk Jul 7 '18 at 21:40

Sometimes you need to run a script on boot process, for example run an iptables config at boot process. So you don’t have to run the script manually every rebooting.

You can run your script on boot process in Ubuntu by adding it to /etc/init.d/rc.local file. Look the steps below.

  1. Open /etc/rc.local file with this command:

    vim /etc/rc.local
  2. Add your script that you want to run on boot process there, for example:

    sh /home/ivan/iptables.sh 
    echo 'Iptable Configured!'
  3. Review the comments included in that file and make sure an exit 0 is at the end.

  4. Save the files. And your script will run on boot process.

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    Comments of /etc/init.d/rc.local in Ubuntu 12.04 says "Short-Description: Run /etc/rc.local if it exist", so maybe adding the scripts to /etc/rc.local would be better idea? – Sanghyun Lee Apr 11 '13 at 5:29
  • Would this method issue "shutdown" command to the service or just kill the process upon OS shutdown? – Vadym Chekan Jul 25 '14 at 0:25
  • Vadim, rc.local is just run at boot, nothing is achieved on shutdown. The process would most likely be killed by the OS on shutdown. – Weboide Dec 4 '14 at 12:45
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    FYI: The difference between rc.local vs adding it to init, is that rc.local is executed at the end of the init startup sequence, rather than as part of it – BobTuckerman Jan 5 '17 at 21:18

Since Ubuntu 15.10 (resp. Debian 8 "jessie"), you have to use the following command to configure your service minidlna to run at startup:

sudo systemctl enable minidlna.service

And to disable it again from starting at boot time:

sudo systemctl disable minidlna.service

This works with all service name references that you can find with ls /lib/systemd/system/*.service.

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In ubuntu version 18.04 TLS, I found that update-rc.d does not work fine if there is no specific comment block in the start script that looks like this:

# Provides: myprogram
# Required-Start: $ local_fs $ remote_fs $ syslog $ network $ time
# Required-Stop: $ local_fs $ remote_fs $ syslog $ network
# Default-start: 2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: myprogram some description
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