I've got Ubuntu 16.04 running on a Sony VAIO laptop that has been a workhorse for massive computations for mathematical research for years. I think it's dying, and I need to save all my data.
After many iterations of manually running
fsck and tediously confirming YES to all errors (literally thousands), as in this question and others, I finally managed to get it to boot properly and it even loaded up the GUI. Only problem: in a shell I am treated to the reminder that the filesystem is mounted read-only.
I have a functioning external USB drive (confirmed on another computer), but the dying laptop doesn't mount it automatically nor can I find it using
fdisk -l. And even if I could, I can't create a mount point because that requires writing to the drive.
I would like to just
rsync my entire home folder (I'd lose some other things like fonts and LaTeX packages installed elsewhere but whatevs.) What to do?