I recently came from Windows to Ubuntu 16.04.2 and can't figure something out. Is there a way to force Ubuntu to show localized names for user folders (in my case, Russian ones) – Downloads, Documents, etc, but with keeping their original names in English. Like it's implemented in Windows system, where all actual names are English, but you see them localized. The point is I want to see Russian names for these folders, but use original English ones in bash (it's stupid to jump from one keyboard layout to another while typing a command line). Sorry if this question was asked before. I searched hard, and as far as I can tell – I didn't find any appropriate solution.
You can create hard links for its directory. FOr example.
ln ~/Downloads/ ~/Desktop/Загрузки
ln ~/Documents ~/Desktop/Документы
After if you will show this folders in your Desktop.