I'd like to startup an Apache Spark cluster after boot using the following command:

sudo ./path/to/spark/sbin/start-all.sh

Then run this command when the system prepares to reboot/shutdown:

sudo ./path/to/spark/sbin/stop-all.sh

How can I get started? Is there a basic template I can build on?

I've tried to use an extremely simple (file: /lib/systemd/system/spark.service):

Description=Spark service

ExecStart=sudo ./path/to/spark/sbin/start-all.sh

Which doesn't work.

  • Have a look at: wiki.ubuntu.com/SystemdForUpstartUsers – user680858 May 26 '17 at 9:03
  • 1
    Hi @WillemK, I had looked at this page already. This issue I found is I can't just replace exec with ExecStart=. Plus, I haven't used upstart before. – macourtney7 May 26 '17 at 9:07
  • 2
    The dot before the path of your script looks extremely suspicious. – Andrea Lazzarotto May 26 '17 at 9:09
  • @AndreaLazzarotto I think OP is trying to run the script the way OP would in the terminal hence the .... – George Udosen May 26 '17 at 9:25
  • Hi @AndreaLazzarotto, this is correct. Apologies for any confusion caused. – macourtney7 May 26 '17 at 10:28

Your .service file should look like this:

Description=Spark service



Now, take a few more steps to enable and use the .service file:

  1. Place it in /etc/systemd/system folder with say a name of myfirst.service

  2. Make sure that your script executable with:

    chmod u+x /path/to/spark/sbin/start-all.sh
  3. Start it:

    sudo systemctl start myfirst
  4. Enable it to run at boot:

    sudo systemctl enable myfirst
  5. Stop it:

    sudo systemctl stop myfirst


  1. You don't need to launch Spark with sudo in your service, as the default service user is already root.

  2. Look at the links below for more systemd options.


Now what we have above is just rudimentary, here is a complete setup for spark:

Description=Apache Spark Master and Slave Servers



To setup the service:

sudo systemctl start spark.service
sudo systemctl stop spark.service
sudo systemctl enable spark.service

Further reading

Please read through the following links. Spark is a complex setup, so you should understand how it integrates with Ubuntu's init service.

| improve this answer | |
  • Noted and updated – George Udosen May 26 '17 at 9:16
  • 1
    Thanks for this, I've created a file based on what you suggested. Upon running sudo systemctl start spark is receive the following error: Failed to start spark.service: Unit spark.service is not loaded properly: Invalid argument. See system logs and 'systemctl status spark.service' for details. – macourtney7 May 26 '17 at 10:24
  • The main part of systemctl status spark.service is as follows: Executable path is not absolute and spark.service: Service lacks both ExecStart= and ExecStop= setting. Refusing. – macourtney7 May 26 '17 at 10:27
  • The issues are 1) Spark binary path (should replace what we have in the service file) is needed, 2) Spark has a shut down command what is it. 3) Did you go through the links I gave you. I don't use spark so supply them – George Udosen May 26 '17 at 11:05
  • @GeorgeUdosen Thanks for your answer, my question is how can I run spark under a specific command after rebooting?The question is here askubuntu.com/questions/979498/… – Soheil Pourbafrani Dec 13 '17 at 6:21

Copy-paste this into a terminal (as root) to create /root/boot.sh and run it on boot:


cat > $bootscript <<EOF
#!/usr/bin/env bash
echo "$bootscript ran at \$(date)!" > /tmp/it-works

chmod +x $bootscript

cat > /etc/systemd/system/$servicename.service <<EOF

systemctl enable $servicename

To modify the parameters, for example to use a different $bootscript, just set that variable manually and skip that line when copying the commands.

After running the commands, you can edit /root/boot.sh using your favorite editor, and it will run on next boot. You can also immediately run it by using:

systemctl start $servicename
| improve this answer | |
  • I'm a bit confused by systemd docs, but shouldn't it be Type=oneshot RemainAfterExit=yes or systemd will consider the task inactive unless the custom script leaves some processes running. – Peter Lamberg Jul 27 '19 at 14:38
  • @PeterLamberg I tried reading systemd docs too and yet here we both are ;). I remember they weren't very clear, but the answer I posted works for me on multiple systems (I revisit this page every now and then when I need it again). Do you mean that, because it's considered 'inactive', every successive 'start' call will re-run the script? Because I would consider that as expected for a shell script. I'd find it weird if I had to 'stop' something that isn't actually running before I can start it again. – Luc Jul 27 '19 at 18:53

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.