I want to find the cause of a boot problem I have tried ls -ltr /var/log from antony@antony which gives me login incorrect can someone tell me what command to use to see what has upset the boot thanks

NB when trying some commands from antony@antony then password I get login incorrect. Is that right?

  • 4
    This looks like a login problem rather than boot problem…
    – Melebius
    Nov 10 '15 at 11:10

For systemd based versions of Ubuntu (15.04 onwards) you'll need to use the journalctl command to view the current boot log messages (as mentioned in this answer, and here for more info on how to enable them for previous boots):

journalctl -b
  • How can I save it to a file.
    – Lokesh
    Jan 3 '17 at 11:41
  • 1
    @Lokesh journalctl -b > logsfielname.txt
    – Noman Gul
    Oct 6 '20 at 16:36

You can use two log files to view the boot problem.

/var/log/boot.log  ---  System boot log

/var/log/dmesg     ---  print or control the kernel ring buffer
  • Hi I keep getting login incorrect or permission denied???? Thanks
    – Antony
    Dec 29 '11 at 15:09
  • can you proivde the log file.
    – Mughil
    Dec 29 '11 at 16:39
  • 1
    @Antony use sudo e.g. sudo more /var/log/boot.log
    – Player1
    May 9 '20 at 21:38

To view kernel messages...


or to page through the messages...

dmesg | less

The program helps users to print out their kernel messages. Instead of copying the messages by hand, the user only needs to enter at the console: $ dmesg > kernel.messages and mail the kernel.messages file to whoever can debug their problem.

  • Thanks but from antony@antony I get Login incorrect.
    – Antony
    Dec 29 '11 at 14:20

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