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I have a bash script that locks the screen after a set amount of time (Application that will lock screen after a set amount of time for Ubuntu). I would like to display the time remaining in Ubuntu's System Tray / Application Indicator bar.

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System Monitor Indicator

The best method I've found is Sysmonitor Indicator from this article on the WEB UPD8 website:

It displays text on the Ubuntu System Tray (Systray) / Application Indicator Bar that your bash script updates with a single echo command.

Different Desktop Environments

The above article is targeted to Ubuntu 14.04 to 20.04 with the Unity Desktop. If you don't have Unity Desktop installed for Ubuntu 20.04 see these instructions.

For more information on Xubuntu, Gnome-Shell + app-indicator extension, and Budgie, go to the Developers website: fossfreedom / indicator-sysmonitor. Also visit the site for more detailed installation and configuration instructions.

Install and Configure indicator-sysmonitor

To install System Monitor Indicator you need to first specify the PPA where indicator-sysmonitor can be found:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:fossfreedom/indicator-sysmonitor
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install indicator-sysmonitor

Now run the "indicator-sysmonitor" GUI from Unity Dash (Alt+F2 or ⊞ Super aka ⊞ Win key). If you are using GNOME use ⊞ Super+A to open Show Applications instead of Dash.

  • Click on the systray area that appears with "cpu: 99% mem: 99%"
  • Select "Preferences"
  • The "General" tab is initially active, click the "Run on startup" box
  • Select the "Advanced" tab
  • Click New button to add a new control
  • In Sensor field enter custom
  • In Description field type Bash Indicator _ In Command field type name of your bash script, ie /mnt/e/bin/indicator-sysmonitor-display
  • Save your new custom indicator
  • Highlight the custom line and click the Add button to activate it.
  • You can remove the default variables for "CPU" and "Mem" which might not be helpful to you.
  • I changed the refresh time interval from 2 seconds to .3 second. To support "spinning pizza" explained below.
  • Now click the Save button.

Sysmonitor Indicator in action

This .gif shows how it looks when Ubuntu’s Unity System Tray is updated.

multi-timer sysmonitor indicator.gif

  • At the beginning of the animation the Systray output contains "Brightness: 3000". Note: As of July 6, 2020 the script was changed to display "eyesome: 99%" where 99 is the percentage of sunlight based on time of day. A link to eyesome is provided below.
  • Then multi-timer (link below) is started and steps through multiple timers.
  • A spinning pizza appears along with a count down of time remaining for the current timer.

Sysmonitor Indicator BASH script

Create a script similar to the following script called indicator-sysmonitor-display. Assign the script's filename to the variable {Custom} in Sysmonitor Indicator:

#!/bin/bash

# UPDT: May 30 2018 - Cohesion with new multi-timer and old lock-screen-timer.
#       July 6 2020 - New eyesome sunlight percentage.

if [ -f ~/.lock-screen-timer-remaining ]; then
    text-spinner
    Spinner=$(cat ~/.last-text-spinner) # read last text spinner used
    String=$(cat ~/.lock-screen-timer-remaining)
    systray="$Spinner  $String"
else
    systray=""
fi

if [ -f /usr/local/bin/.eyesome-percent ]; then
    Brightness=$(cat /usr/local/bin/.eyesome-percent)
    systray="$systray  eyesome: $Brightness"
else
    systray="$systray  eyesome: OFF"
fi

# Below for AU answer: https://askubuntu.com/questions/1024866/is-it-possible-to-show-ip-address-on-top-bar-near-the-time
# default_interface=$(route -n | awk '$1 == "0.0.0.0" {print $8; exit}')
# ip_address=$(ifconfig "$default_interface" | awk 'sub(/.* inet addr:/, "") {print $1}')
# systray="$systray  $ip_address"
        
echo "$systray" # sysmon-indidicator will put echo string into systray for us.

exit 0

After telling Sysmonitor Indicator the name of your bash script by setting the {Custom} variable it runs every refresh interval. Whatever your bash script outputs via echo command appears in Ubuntu's System Tray.

Three bash scripts that output to Systray

The indicator-sysmonitor-display script displays Time Remaining and Display Brightness Level values. These values are set by other scripts documented within Ask Ubuntu:

These three bash scripts illustrate how multiple scripts can output to the Systray concurrently and share the same script file (indicator-sysmonitor-display) that updates the display.

Spinning pizza--text-spinner BASH script

The text-spinner bash script creates a spinning pizza effect by cycling through the characters |, /, and \. This effect highlights the fact something is "working" or "thinking". To get the "spinning effect" you want to change the Sysmonitor Indicator refresh interval from the default 2 seconds to be about 0.30 seconds.

Here is the text-spinner bash script:

#!/bin/bash

# return '|', '/', '─', '\' sequentially with each call to this script.
# Use ~/.last-text-spinner to store last used

FILE=~/.last-text-spinner

if ! [ -f $FILE ]; then
    echo '|' > $FILE
    exit 124 # ASCII equivalent for '|'. Bash doesn't allow character return codes
fi

LAST=$(cat $FILE) # read last character used

if [[ $LAST == '|' ]]; then
    echo '/' > $FILE
    exit 47 # ASCII equivalent of "/"
elif [[ $LAST == '/' ]]; then  # NOTE: you must have spaces around " == " else code breaks
    echo '─' > $FILE
    exit 9472 # ASCII equivalent
elif [[ $LAST == '─' ]]; then
    echo '\' > $FILE # NOTE: must use single quote because double quote BASH reinterprets
    exit 92 # ASCII
else
    echo '|' > $FILE
    exit 124 # ASCII
fi

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