Is there any way to temporarily disable GUI (X server) when booting an Ubuntu 16.04 LTS installation?

There are various guides advising to add text option onto the line GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT in /etc/default/grub or directly on the linux line in GRUB. These methods work well in Ubuntu 14.04 LTS but I always end up in LightDM when trying them in 16.04 LTS.


1 Answer 1


To boot Ubuntu 16.04 Desktop without X one time, add systemd.unit=multi-user.target to the linux command line in GRUB.

To make this the default, use

sudo systemctl set-default multi-user.target

To return to default booting into X, use

sudo systemctl set-default graphical.target

To see the current default target,

sudo systemctl get-default
  • Yes, this one works! However, I am pretty sure I won’t remember this method as easily as the old one…
    – Melebius
    Jan 10, 2017 at 13:42
  • 7
    @Melebius: How to remember: Ubuntu now uses systemd as the init system. Systemd has a notion of target units, some of which correspond to the old-school bootlevels. When booting, systemd has the goal to achieve default.target, which can be symlinked to one of two: multi-user.target (system fully up, no graphics) and graphical.target (system fully up, with graphics).
    – AlexP
    Jan 10, 2017 at 13:46
  • 1
    For those who don't know how to edit GRUB command: press Shift during boot, and press e to edit selected boot command.
    – longbkit
    Sep 20, 2017 at 1:40
  • Thanks for your instruction, in my case I have to modify grub configuration as well. sudo vi /etc/default/grub Comment out GRUB_CMD_LINE_LINUX_DEFAULT line by adding prefix #, modify GRUB_CMD_LINE_LINUX to "text", and uncomment GRUB_TERMINAL=console. Then save and sudo update-grub
    – longbkit
    Sep 20, 2017 at 2:22
  • @longbkit That’s the old option (without systemd) that I mentioned in the question.
    – Melebius
    Jan 25, 2018 at 15:19

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