24

I want to try C++17 features and I want to install standard compliant compiler (preferably GCC). I'm totally new to Linux and Ubuntu and I simply don't understand a lot.

I tried to follow https://launchpad.net/~ubuntu-toolchain-r/+archive/ubuntu/test but with no luck. First I ran:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-r/test
sudo apt-get update

As I understood this command installs some keys. Next I tried:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-r/gcc-7

That returned:

Error: 'ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-r/gcc-7' invalid

Next I tried to install clang development branch:

apt-get install clang-4.0 lldb-4.0

And it gives me

E: Unable to locate package clang-4.0
E: Couldn't find any package by glob 'clang-4.0'
E: Couldn't find any package by regex 'clang-4.0'
E: Unable to locate package lldb-4.0
E: Couldn't find any package by glob 'lldb-4.0'
E: Couldn't find any package by regex 'lldb-4.0'

What does all this means? What's wrong?

  • 1
    The add-apt-repository command you ran is not the same as the one given on the PPA's page, so it's no wonder it doesn't work. Try running the correct one. – fkraiem Dec 10 '16 at 21:30
  • I installed test package first. Updated the question. – nikitablack Dec 10 '16 at 21:43
  • add-apt-repository as its name implies adds a repository, it does not install a package. Now you can do apt install gcc-7. – fkraiem Dec 10 '16 at 21:46
  • The test PPA has a gcc-7 package in it. Have you not tried to install that? – dobey Dec 10 '16 at 21:46
  • 2
    @nikitablack Looks like gcc 7 is not available for 16.04: launchpad.net/~ubuntu-toolchain-r/+archive/ubuntu/… But you might have a better chance with clang, look at the base of this page: apt.llvm.org – andrew.46 Dec 11 '16 at 9:40
20

You can already install gcc-7 and g++-7 from this package.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:jonathonf/gcc-7.1
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gcc-7 g++-7
  • 8
    Yes, this works. As for today, this ppa also works add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-r/test && apt-get update && apt-get install -y gcc-7 – nikitablack Jun 14 '17 at 7:30
  • clang-4.0.0 gets installed but clang -v shows 3.8.0 . – RED Aug 21 '17 at 14:09
  • Both are installed 4.0.0 and 3.8.0 but by default system reads 3.8 . Which messes up while using Emscripten which reads this but requires 4.0.0. – RED Aug 21 '17 at 14:18
  • is this repo running from a residential connection or something? – Jonathan Henson Mar 6 '18 at 23:30
17

Ubuntu 16.04 and below

There is an official Ubuntu GCC test PPA which should be preferred:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-r/test
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gcc-7 g++-7
gcc-7 --version

GCC 7 was release in May 2017, so too late for 17.04 main release.

The PPA does not currently have GCC for newer releases e.g. 16.10, only LTS 12.04, 14.04 and 16.04, as can be seen at: https://launchpad.net/~ubuntu-toolchain-r/+archive/ubuntu/test | snapshot. I think it had 17.04 previously but it was removed? See also: https://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/371737/install-gcc-7-on-ubuntu

Tested on Ubuntu 16.04, October 2018.

Ubuntu 17.10 and above

Has GCC 7.2 and clang 4 by default! https://packages.ubuntu.com/artful/gcc | https://packages.ubuntu.com/artful/clang

$ gcc --version
gcc (Ubuntu 7.2.0-8ubuntu3) 7.2.0
$ clang --version  
clang version 4.0.1-6 (tags/RELEASE_401/final)

GCC 8 on 16.04

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-r/test
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gcc-8 g++-8
gcc-8 --version

gives 8.1.0 as of 2018-11.

Default in Ubuntu 18.04:

Crosstool-NG

If you are really serious about this, compile and use your own GCC with Crosstool-NG as explained at: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/847179/multiple-glibc-libraries-on-a-single-host/52454603#52454603

This will allow you to use a wide variety of GCC versions on a wide variety of Ubuntu versions without downloading blobs from PPAs you don't necessarily trust.

1

OP asks for "how to install...". Alternatively, how to compile Clang 4.0.

You may compile from the source code using the script from Microsoft ChakraCore's GitHub repository.

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Microsoft/ChakraCore/master/tools/compile_clang.sh

Update LLVM_VERSION="3.9.1" at line 7 to LLVM_VERSION="4.0.0"

sudo ./compile_clang.sh

It will download and compile Clang 4.0 (and whole compiler toolchain) with LLVM Gold support.

  • 3
    What's "LLVM gold"? – einpoklum Oct 18 '17 at 18:00
  • @einpoklum I suppose it's the LLVM gold plugin for the Gold Linker from Binutils. It's used for link-time optimization. – Ruslan Aug 6 '18 at 13:44

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