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Using dd command, it possible to create image of type .vdi, .qcow, .qcow2, .vhd, .vhdx and .vmdk instead of .img?

dd if=/dev/hda of=/path/to/desti.**qcow2 or .vhmdk** etc formats 

Thank you, Answers Appreciated

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    I am not sure if this can be done, but, you could read the man pages for dd, use man dd and see if it says something about output formats. However, I think you can specify the output format manually, no matter what it is, try for example, using a different extension for the output file, and then do the reverse process to see if the image works. Best regards. – GTRONICK Nov 24 '16 at 14:52
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You may first create a raw image via dd, and then convert to any supported format via qemu-img e.g.:

dd if=/dev/hda of=/path/to/dir/hda.raw qemu-img convert -O qcow2 /path/to/dir/hda.raw /path/to/dir/hda.qcow2

Or to save disk space omit the dd part: qemu-img can read directly from disk:

qemu-img convert -O qcow2 /dev/hda /path/to/dir/hda.qcow2

In both cases a virtual disk in qcow2 format is created. To see a list of supported formats and options, see man qemu-img. Maybe you have to execute the commands prefixed by sudo to get access to /dev/hda.

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No you cannot, with one exception.

dd is a very simple program which simply copies bytes from an input file to an output file, optionally making simple transformations such as swapping bytes, mapping upper-case ASCII letters to lower-case or vice-versa, or transcoding between ASCII and EBCDIC. It has absolutely no notion of a file format; for dd a file is simply a sequence of bytes. Use man dd for more info.

There is a kind of VMware virtual disk which is called "flat" (specifically, monolithicFlat and twoGbMaxExtentFlat). "Flat" VMware virtual disks actually are direct block-for-block images of a hard disk; they consist of at least two files: a description file (a text file with the extension .vmdk) and one or more data files. You can use dd to copy the data from a hard disk to a data file, create a suitable description file (easy to do) and use that data file (possibly split into several extents, if you wish) as a "flat" VMware virtual disk. As far as I know, you can use such virtual disks with VirtualBox too.

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