This part of your
bash -lxe output:
///usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion:1981 . /etc/bash_completion.d/docker-compose
////etc/bash_completion.d/docker-compose:1 404: Not Found
////etc/bash.bashrc:57 '[' -x /usr/lib/command-not-found ']'
////etc/bash.bashrc:58 /usr/lib/command-not-found -- 404:
404:: command not found
////etc/bash.bashrc:59 return 127
reads to me that you have a
/etc/bash_completion.d/docker-compose that starts off with
404:. I'm guessing at some point you tried to download that configuration file from somewhere and instead wound up saving an HTTP error message.
That file should be plain text; you can use your preferred text editor on it (you should need to use sudo/sudoedit/etc. to modify it).
PS: I suggest in the future you review downloaded files before installing them—not only to notice error messages, but also to see what they do (especially important if you don't fully trust the site its coming from, or if its served over HTTP instead of HTTPS), and if there is any customization needed for your particular setup.