9

I tried using the Unity Lens File search for *.* and filtering by Last Modified=All, Type=Videos, and Size=All but found nothing although I know there are some .3gp files in my Pictures folder. I know that I have numerous video files on another drive mounted on the file system as well. I compiled a list of likely extensions and I tried numerous iterations of the find command utilizing these with find ./ -name "*.ext" -o (etc, etc, ad nauseum) with no luck whatsoever. What is the solution?

  • I haven't tried it, but there was an article on OMG! Ubuntu about the FSearch app. You may want to check it out. omgubuntu.co.uk/2016/10/fsearch-fast-file-search-tool-linux – Jo-Erlend Schinstad Nov 2 '16 at 16:37
  • @Jo-ErlendSchinstad Thank you for the suggestion but as I'm getting my results via the CLI in under 3 seconds, I'm satisfied with this approach. I will look at it though. :-) – Elder Geek Nov 2 '16 at 16:42
  • But unless you understand the command, you're going to forget it. And if you did understand the commands, then you wouldn't have asked the question. Let's improve Ubuntu by making things easier for those who just want to get the job done. You can do that by adding apps or by pointing people to apps that are already there. – Jo-Erlend Schinstad Nov 2 '16 at 20:09
  • @Jo-ErlendSchinstad I often begin lacking understanding which I obtain via research and analysis. I believe this approach is vital to development. The discovery process led me to a solution that I've chosen to share here as I've created a script and placed it in ~/bin I'm unlikely to forget and know where to look if I do. Since it's in my answer as well, anyone with the motivation can parse and understand it as well. – Elder Geek Nov 2 '16 at 20:16
  • You're right. We don't actually need desktops. We can do nearly everything using command lines. But if we want to grow, we must realize that most people don't want to learn that kind of thing. I know developers who can't even describe the differences between the stack and the heap. – Jo-Erlend Schinstad Nov 3 '16 at 11:30
8

Alternative: search on file:

sudo find . -type f -exec file -N -i -- {} + | grep video

or if you only want the filenames ...

sudo find . -type f -exec file -N -i -- {} + | sed -n 's!: video/[^:]*$!!p'

-N, --no-pad: Don't pad filenames

-i, --mime: Causes the file command to output mime type strings rather than the more traditional human readable ones. Thus it may say 'text/plain; charset=us-ascii' rather than 'ASCII text'. In order for this option to work, file changes the way it handles files recognized by the command itself (such as many of the text file types, directories etc), and makes use of an alternative 'magic' file. (See the FILES section, below).


The FILES section points to:

Files

/usr/share/misc/magic.mgc Default compiled list of magic.

/usr/share/misc/magic Directory containing default magic files.


file is slowwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww though (it will open all the files find finds) but has the advantage you do not need to add all those extentions.


Using locate:

locate *.mkv *.webm *.flv *.vob *.ogg *.ogv *.drc *gifv *.mng *.avi$ *.mov *.qt *.wmv *.yuv *.rm *.rmvb *.asf *.amv *.mp4$ *.m4v *.mp *.m?v *.svi *.3gp *.flv *.f4v
  • Which "FILES section, below" – Elder Geek Nov 2 '16 at 15:42
  • added! it was hidden in the man page :D – Rinzwind Nov 2 '16 at 15:45
  • That's odd, I would have expected locate to be faster, but with your locate command I get time:real 0m8.985s and with my find command I get time:real 0m2.595s – Elder Geek Nov 2 '16 at 18:26
  • Oh... locate does all files. Your find is from where you are does it not? – Rinzwind Nov 2 '16 at 18:34
  • I did add the -e switch which didn't have much impact but returning results for files that are already gone didn't seem helpful. granted sys time is much lower for locate but real time to results is all I really care about. – Elder Geek Nov 2 '16 at 18:40
3

I imagine this could be done as a 1-liner but it seemed a bit cumbersome so I created a script for ease of launching and editing and called it findvids.sh This is what worked for me.

Note: I may not have covered ALL the video file types, but I'm sure I have most of them. One notable exception is .mkv as that is the target format for the project and I don''t need to find the files that have already been processed. It should be very simple to add additional formats (extensions) to the script to suit your needs by examining the pattern and adjusting accordingly while maintaining the quotes at the beginning and end of the expression. Note that files you don't have permission to read will not be found.

#!/bin/bash
#This script is intended to find virtually all video file formats.
find /. -type f | grep -E "\.webm$|\.flv$|\.vob$|\.ogg$|\.ogv$|\.drc$|\.gifv$|\.mng$|\.avi$|\.mov$|\.qt$|\.wmv$|\.yuv$|\.rm$|\.rmvb$|/.asf$|\.amv$|\.mp4$|\.m4v$|\.mp*$|\.m?v$|\.svi$|\.3gp$|\.flv$|\.f4v$"

I did a speed comparison to using locate and the results were:

time locate *.mkv *.webm *.flv *.vob *.ogg *.ogv *.drc *gifv *.mng *.avi *.mov *.qt *.wmv *.yuv *.rm *.rmvb *.asf *.amv *.mp4$ *.m4v *.mp *.m?v *.svi *.3gp *.flv *.f4v

real    0m8.887s
user    0m5.814s
sys 0m0.052s

vs.

time find /. -type f | grep -E "\.webm$|\.flv$|\.vob$|\.ogg$|\.ogv$|\.drc$|\.gifv$|\.mng$|\.avi$|\.mov$|\.qt$|\.wmv$|\.yuv$|\.rm$|\.rmvb$|/.asf$|\.amv$|\.mp4$|\.m4v$|\.mp4$|\.m?v$|\.svi$|\.3gp$|\.flv$|\.f4v$"

real    0m2.795s
user    0m0.657s
sys 0m1.115s

Unexpectedly find is faster. I'll be using this approach.

Edit: further testing indicates that locate was faster on a different machine. I think my initial speed test results were bunk due to caching.

Sources:

man find

man grep

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/7190565/unix-find-multiple-file-types

  • touch hello.mp4 does not create a video file >:-D and you might want to change it to locate to speed it up. – Rinzwind Nov 2 '16 at 15:36
  • @Rinzwind Valid point regarding touch However since that hasn't been done on this system, it's not really relevant in this case. As far as locate is concerned I'd then have to run updatedb prior to in order to have current data would I not? – Elder Geek Nov 2 '16 at 15:40
  • Yes, updatedb is done every day so if you could assume you don't need to last few hours (the speed it returns the results is a magnitude higher than with find :D ) – Rinzwind Nov 2 '16 at 15:42
  • @Rinzwind I'd love to see a working example of this using locate. – Elder Geek Nov 2 '16 at 16:18
  • added a locate. – Rinzwind Nov 2 '16 at 18:16

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