What is gdm3, kdm, lightdm? How to install and remove and repair them? Can anyone explain in details?
lightdm are all display managers. They provide graphical logins and handle user authentication.
From a Wiki article,:
A display manager presents the user with a login screen. A session starts when a user successfully enters a valid combination of username and password.
GNOME Display Manager (
gdm3 is the successor of
gdm which was the GNOME display manager. The newer
gdm3 uses a minimal version of
gnome-shell, and provides the same look and feel of as GNOME3 session. Is the Canonical choice since Ubuntu 17.10. You can install it with:
sudo apt-get install gdm3
and remove it with:
sudo apt-get remove gdm3
KDE Display Manager (
kdm was KDE's display manager. But it's been deprecated in KDE5 in favor of
SDDM, which is more capable as a display manager, and hence comes by default with Kubuntu. You can install it with:
sudo apt-get install sddm
and remove it with:
sudo apt-get remove sddm
LightDM was Canonical's solution for a display manager. It was supposed to be lightweight and comes by default with Ubuntu (until 17.04), Xubuntu, and Lubuntu. It's configurable, with various greeter themes available.
You can install it with:
sudo apt-get install lightdm
And remove it with:
sudo apt-get remove lightdm
Repairing is broad term. However, if you have multiple display managers installed, you can choose between them using:
sudo dpkg-reconfigure gdm3
You can use any display manager's name in place of
gdm3 in the above command, and it will allow you to choose between them. You must reboot for the change to take affect.
To check which display manager is currently being used, run this command:
as suggested in this question: How to check using the command line which display manager is running?
One important point to note that, currently due to a bug (I checked in 16.04) you cannot start GNOME3 or Ubuntu Unity session using SDDM. So, if you have both KDE and Unity or GNOME3 installed, make sure your display manager is either
Lightdm, gdm3, and kdm are all graphical logins for linux. Lightdm is the default for Ubuntu. To switch between display managers, use the following command:
sudo dpkg-reconfigure lightdm
And choose your display manager.
If you want to install, say, gdm, use the command:
sudo apt-get install gdm
Personally, I think the Display Manager is a misleading name. It's better to be called graphical login manager. It is typically a graphical user interface that is displayed at the end of the boot process in place of the default shell.
Different desktop environment use different login managers to keep the visual style consistent.
- GNOME use gdm3.
- xfce use lightdm
- KDE use kdm
A display manager can starts a session on an X server from the same or another computer.
GDM(GNOME Display Manager),
LightDM(Light Display Manager) and
KDM(KDE Display Manager) are display managers configured for different version of Ubuntu. They help in starting up the X servers, user sessions and greeter (login screen).
You can run
sudo dpkg-reconfigure <your display manager> to change between the lightdm, gdm and kdm.
Installing them is just as easy as
sudo apt-get install <your desired display manager>
Where your display manager will be replaced by
After installing and restarting Kubuntu with lightdm, I could not login with my username and password. So if you are using kubuntu 20.04, I recommendSimple Desktop Display Manager (SDDM) . If you are using ubuntu 18.04, I recommend gdm3. Of course, these are purely personal suggestions. I am not saying use it strictly.
You can use the command
sudo nano /etc/X11/default-display-manager to find out which default display manager you are using (it can be with any text editor I use nano).