I need to upgrade my existing Ubuntu system, and I also want to install Ubuntu on a new laptop. I would like to have an installation CD or DVD to do both of these. Where exactly I can order or request an Ubuntu installation CD/DVD/USB?
You can Buy Ubuntu Desktop DVD from OSDisc.com website.
You can also obtain the Full Ubuntu Software Repository (11 DVDs) from there site or You can directly go to the page by clicking here.
Please Remember that, You must pay for their products. If you do not need all of the software from the repository, It probably be costly for you.
It's no longer possible to request a CD with the "Ship-it" service. You now have to download it, or order it from a third party company or via the Canonical Store.
An 8GB bootable USB stick of Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Desktop is available from the official Canonical Store for $7.29.
Update: Canonical is no longer producing bootable USB/CDs and neither is any other source that I regard as reliable (better than eBay).
Buying a blank
4GB 8GB USB flash drive is cheaper than buying an Ubuntu USB. It only costs about $5.00 USD. A USB flash drive is reusable, and you can download whatever version of Ubuntu you want, and then use the flash drive as an Ubuntu installation disk.
How to make bootable Ubuntu live USB
The instructions for preparing an Ubuntu live USB on Windows are found at the official Ubuntu How to create a bootable USB stick... webpage (see the step-by-step instructions below). The USB flash drive that you use to make an Ubuntu live USB must be 2GB or larger. For Ubuntu 18.04 and later the USB flash drive should be 4GB or larger.
- Open Rufus and select your USB stick in the Device dropdown menu.
- Click the CD-ROM icon next to the FreeDOS dropdown menu, then find your downloaded Ubuntu ISO and click Open and then Start.
- Click Yes when it asks to download Syslinux software.
- Click OK to write in ISO Image mode.
- Confirm that your USB stick is selected and then click OK to continue. It is very important to verify that the device that you are installing the Ubuntu live USB to is indeed your flash drive, so that you don't overwrite any of your system or personal files which may make your operating system unbootable.
- When it is finished, just restart your computer and start using Ubuntu, or you can install Ubuntu.
In order to enable your computer to boot from the USB flash drive, you must enter your BIOS/UEFI setup utility by pressing one of these keys: Delete, F2 or F10 as soon as the motherboard splash screen appears when the computer is booting. In the BIOS/UEFI menu, you need to change the boot order so that the USB flash drive, which is usually called USB-HDD in newer computers, is the first entry in the boot sequence, and then save your new settings and exit the setup utility.
This procedure requires that you create an .img file from the .iso file you download. It will also change the filesystem that is on the USB stick to make it bootable, so backup all data before continuing.
Open the Terminal (in
/Applications/Utilities/or query Terminal in Spotlight).
Insert your USB flash media, which must be 2GB or larger. For Ubuntu 18.04 the USB flash drive should be 4GB or larger.
Launch the Disk Utility app which is located in Applications -> Utilities. Booting Ubuntu from the USB drive
- In the lefthand pane, click on the USB drive to select it.
- Click the Partition tab.
- Select 1 Partition from the dropdown menu.
- Enter a name for the drive.
- Change the Format to Mac OS Extended (Journaled).
- Click the Options button.
- Ensure that the GUID Partition Table radio button is selected and click OK.
- Click Apply.
Convert the .iso file to .img using the convert option of hdiutil e.g.,
hdiutil convert -format UDRW -o ~/path/to/target.img ~/path/to/ubuntu.iso
Note: OS X tends to put the .dmg ending on the output file automatically.
to get the current list of devices.
again and determine the device node assigned to your flash media (e.g.
diskutil unmountDisk /dev/diskN
(replace N with the disk number from the last command; in the previous example, N would be 2).
sudo dd if=/path/to/downloaded.img of=/dev/rdiskN bs=1m
/path/to/downloaded.imgwith the path where the image file is located; for example,
/dev/diskmay be faster
- If you see the error
dd: Invalid number '1m', you are using GNU dd. Use the same command but replace
- If you see the error
dd: /dev/diskN: Resource busy, make sure the disk is not in use. Start the 'Disk Utility.app' and unmount (don't eject) the drive
diskutil eject /dev/diskN
and remove your flash media when the command completes.
###Booting Ubuntu on a Mac from the USB drive
The newly created Ubuntu live USB drive is now ready to be inserted into a Mac.
To test the Ubuntu live USB on a Mac:
- Insert the USB drive into an available USB port.
- Reboot or turn on the Mac.
- Immediately after the startup chime, press the Option key (sometimes marked Alt).
- Select the USB drive from which to boot by using the left and right arrow and Enter keys.
- If you can't see the USB drive in step 4, download rEFIt EFI Boot Menu and Toolkit to get a screen where you can choose from the available devices to boot from.
Install apt-offline pkg:
$ sudo apt-get install apt-offline
Generate “apt signature” file:
$ sudo apt-offline set ~/my.sig
Download the required packages:
Once you have the .sig file on a USB drive, connect it to an internet connected computer running on Ubuntu and use the following command in the terminal:
$ apt-offline get -d /to_any_chosen_directroy /path_to/apt.sig
Install the downloaded packages:
$ sudo apt-offline install /path_to_downloaded_package_folder
Enjoy the latest updates.
You can use command-line to upgrade:
$ sudo apt update $ sudo apt upgrade $ sudo apt dist-upgrade
$ sudo apt autoremove
Now follow below steps to upgrade:
$ sudo apt install update-manager-core $ sudo do-release-upgrade -d
After install you should change source list:
/etc/apt/sources.list $ sudo sed -i 's/xenial/bionic/g' /etc/apt/sources.list
Now you upgrade to 18.04
$ sudo apt update && sudo apt -y dist-upgrade
Search for the desired release from this link: http://releases.ubuntu.com/
The best place to find the LTS version of Ubuntu is this: http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop
If you want to download through alternative downloads: http://www.ubuntu.com/download/alternative-downloads
If you want to download older versions: http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/releases/
To create your live CD / DVD / USB: UNetbootin - https://unetbootin.github.io/ universal-usb-installer - http://www.pendrivelinux.com/universal-usb- installer-easy-as-1-2-3/ linuxliveusb - http://www.linuxliveusb.com/