This my very first experience with Ubuntu and I'm very much interested in downloading and trying it , but I only have a dial-up internet connection and am limited to a few hours per day , so how can I download such a big file over many days ? Is there anyway I can get a CD ?
If you can stall at a local coffee shop or fast-food restaurant for an hour, you can probably download it in that time.
If you have a library nearby, they often have computer you can work on stuff with. You can probably download the iso to a USB in that time.
Last resort would be to buy a USB-stick with the iso already on it. You can do that at the Canonical Store.
If you want to stick with dialup, you can torrent the iso, and it can be downloaded over many days. You can also get the direct link and use
wget -c <url of iso>. You can cancel this command and re-run it to
-continue the download from where it left off.
See if there's a Linux Users' Group (LUG) in your area. My first copy of Linux I got on a CD from a guy at work; a LUG would likely be able to help you get a copy, perhaps in a similar way.
Lubuntu 16.04 LTS DVD and Lubuntu 16.04 LTS 16 GB bootable USB stick are available from Shop Linux Online
- Lubuntu 16.04 LTS DVD - $3.99
- Lubuntu 16.04 LTS 16 GB USB - $12.99
You can also check your nearest public library if it has computers that library visitors can use to download files and copy them to removable media.
As others have mentioned, downloading via BitTorrent is a very good option, as most torrent clients have good support for resuming downloads et cetera. If you're using Firefox, this very minimal browser extension should probably work well enough for downloading. If you're using a different client (e.g. qBittorrent), you might want to limit the upload bandwidth until you're done so uploading doesn't take up too much bandwith.
However, if you know when your time for internet usage is up, you can also download the ISO using your browser and pause the download and resume downloading the next day. (A download manager might offer more robust support for this, such as the ability to resume downloads even after a system restart etc.)
This works well, but with one mayor caveat: the server you're downloading from must support download resumption. (You'll have to try pausing/resuming to find out if it does.)
In earlier days when I had 56k internet I downloaded the ISO to the school computer, splitted the image into parts and transported it home with my MP3-player. (Some other guy used an extra back-pack full with floppies.) Took some days for me to transport but was faster, more stable and cheaper than with my home connection. As of today there should be USB-sticks where you can store the whole file without splitting.
Depending on your area you might get some kind of internet connection like internet cafee, McDonalds, schools, libraries, ...
A good option is to use a torrent client for downloading the linux iso as it contains better support for resuming downloads and auto-correcting failed downloads. Be aware that torrent clients also upload the files you download which might be problematic if you use it to download copyrighted material.
Most first-time Linux users use a graphical user interface (GUI), such as the one installed by default by the normal ISO image. If that's what you want to do, this isn't a direct path to that experience.
If, on the other hand, you'd like to start by learning the command-line interface (because you have a book or tutorial to teach you Linux commands, for instance), this should work fine. It'll still take a while, but you should be able to download it in about 4-5 hours, I think. (Assuming 33kbps, which is ~15 MB per hour, that's about 3-4 hours; added an hour just in case.)
Edit: Changed the link to point to the Lubuntu page, rather than the Ubuntu one.
For the following two reasons, I no longer support this proposed solution. Firstly, the Lubuntu page mentions the need for a wired Ethernet connection to the Internet. Unless the modem is elsewhere on your local network (in another computer, say), this solution is probably a no-go. Secondly, per the comments, this doesn't immediately provide you with the full classic Lubuntu command-line experience, which I had assumed it did.
First of all, I must admit that I'm very curious. Are you somewhere incredibly rural, with no DSL or similar service available?
Now, you haven't mentioned what speed dialup you have. At 28.8k, the stock Ubuntu image will take you 113 hours to download; at 33.6k, 97 hours, at 48k, 67 hours, and at 56k 58 hours.
Considering that you have restricted Internet access I would recommend downloading as much data and packages as possible so that you can be off and running. I don't think the times I've listed above are that bad, so I strongly recommend this approach.
As mentioned in another answer bittorrent is certainly one option, but I keep hearing about people in the US getting harassed for using it. Unlikely to be an issue in your case, but here's another alternative if you'd like one: download the DVD image onto a remote server, split the file up into chunks on that server, then download the chunks from that server individually. If a chunk is corrupt you just redownload that. Ubuntu provides official checksums for their images so you know you got unmodified data.
You could also very very viably use this approach if you wanted to try downloading the image via free Wi-Fi.
I have a server I can use to split the ISO up with if you like this idea (or would like to contact me for any other reason). Find an online base64 decoder and pass it this string (including the
YXNtcWI3QGdtYWlsLmNvbQ== (or alternatively open your browser devtools, click Console, and run
atob("") with the base64 string inside the quotes).
Your best bet is to use something other than ubuntu. For example:
http://tinycorelinux.net/ - 16mb
http://puppylinux.org/ - 100mb
Even on a 28.8 Kb dial-up, you should be able to get tiny core linux within two hours, and if you've got 56 Kb available, damn small linux can be downloaded in just a little longer.