I'm trying to join an Ubuntu 16.04 server to a Windows 2003 R2 domain by following the Ubuntu SSSD and Active Directory Guide. My admin says that from the controller side, it is part of the domain. But SSSD can't seem to start and net ads join fails.

The krb5.conf was modified by the installer and now has this:

kyle@Server21:~$ cat /etc/krb5.conf
        default_realm = COMAPNYNAME.LOCAL

On a previous install I thought there was something else in [realms] that was asked for during the install but I can't remember what and it wasn't asked for this time around.

My smb.conf:


## Browsing/Identification ###

# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
   workgroup = COMPANYNAME
   client signing = yes
   client use spnego = yes
   kerberos method = secrets and keytab
   security = ads

My sssd.conf:

kyle@Server21:~$ sudo cat /etc/sssd/sssd.conf
services = nss, pam
config_file_version = 2

id_provider = ad
access_provider = ad
override_homedir = /home/%d/%u

Though the SSSD service can't seem to start:

kyle@Server21:~$ systemctl status sssd.service
● sssd.service - System Security Services Daemon
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/sssd.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since Wed 2016-06-22 09:57:57 EDT; 37min ago
  Process: 16027 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/sssd -D -f (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)

Jun 22 09:57:55 Server21 sssd[16038]: Starting up
Jun 22 09:57:55 Server21 sssd[16041]: Starting up
Jun 22 09:57:55 Server21 sssd[16042]: Starting up
Jun 22 09:57:56 Server21 sssd[be[16043]: Starting up
Jun 22 09:57:57 Server21 sssd[be[16043]: Failed to read keytab [default]: No such file or directory
Jun 22 09:57:57 Server21 sssd[16031]: Exiting the SSSD. Could not restart critical service [COMPANYNAME.LOCAL].
Jun 22 09:57:57 Server21 systemd[1]: sssd.service: Control process exited, code=exited status=1
Jun 22 09:57:57 Server21 systemd[1]: Failed to start System Security Services Daemon.
Jun 22 09:57:57 Server21 systemd[1]: sssd.service: Unit entered failed state.
Jun 22 09:57:57 Server21 systemd[1]: sssd.service: Failed with result 'exit-code'.

And since the guide says that ownership and permissions are important:

kyle@Server21:~$ sudo ls -la /etc/sssd
total 12
drwx--x--x   2 sssd sssd 4096 Jun 21 14:34 .
drwxr-xr-x 103 root root 4096 Jun 22 10:21 ..
-rw-------   1 root root  172 Jun 21 14:22 sssd.conf

My nsswitch.conf:

kyle@Server21:~$ cat /etc/nsswitch.conf
# /etc/nsswitch.conf
# Example configuration of GNU Name Service Switch functionality.
# If you have the `glibc-doc-reference' and `info' packages installed, try:
# `info libc "Name Service Switch"' for information about this file.

passwd:         compat sss
group:          compat sss
shadow:         compat sss
gshadow:        files

hosts:          files dns
networks:       files

protocols:      db files
services:       db files sss
ethers:         db files
rpc:            db files

netgroup:       nis sss
sudoers:        files sss

My hosts:

kyle@Server21:~$ cat /etc/hosts       localhost       Server21.COMPANYNAME.LOCAL Server21   Server21.COMPANYNAME.LOCAL Server21

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1     localhost ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters

Here is where the trouble starts. Using sudo to run kinit results in the following:

kyle@Server21:~$ sudo kinit adminstrator
kinit: Client 'adminstrator@COMPANYNAME.LOCAL' not found in Kerberos database while getting initial credentials

It will authenticate if I drop the sudo though:

kyle@Server21:~$ kinit -V administrator
Using default cache: /tmp/krb5cc_1000
Using principal: administrator@COMPANYNAME.LOCAL
Password for administrator@COMPANYNAME.LOCAL:
Authenticated to Kerberos v5

And I can verify the ticket:

kyle@Server21:~$ klist
Ticket cache: FILE:/tmp/krb5cc_1000
Default principal: administrator@COMPANYNAME.LOCAL

Valid starting       Expires              Service principal
06/23/2016 13:41:55  06/23/2016 23:41:55  krbtgt/COMPANYNAME.LOCAL@COMPANYNAME.LOCAL
        renew until 06/24/2016 13:41:48

But when I try to join the domain:

kyle@Server21:~$ sudo net ads join -k
Failed to join domain: failed to lookup DC info for domain 'COMPANYNAME.LOCAL' over rpc: An internal error occurred.

I had previously received the NT_STATUS_UNSUCCESSFUL message mentioned in the guide but was able to solve that by modifying my hosts file.

The guide talks about verifying that the computer account was created in the Active Directory. And my admin says that he can see the machine just fine so I believe that is okay. The second verification option does not tell me what I'm supposed to get back from that command but I don't receive anything so I suppose it isn't working.

So where am I going wrong here?


I'm not sure what I did, but SSSD is now running.

  • Ubuntu 14.04 used upstart, not systemd. That output is fishy. – muru Jun 24 '16 at 9:17
  • @muru Sorry for the typo. I'm on 16.04. Question has been edited. – embedded.kyle Jun 24 '16 at 13:24

The problem seems to have been that my admin had created an entry on the Domain Controller for this server. This apparently caused a conflict that caused Kerberos to encounter the following error when trying to join:

kyle@Server21:~$ sudo net ads join -k
Failed to join domain: failed to lookup DC info for domain 'COMPANYNAME.LOCAL' over rpc: An internal error occurred.

I'm not sure that this error was entirely accurate since my admin said the server was joined to the domain on his end and realmd indicated that I was joined as well:

kyle@Server21:~$ realm join COMPANYNAME.LOCAL
realm: Already joined to this domain

The steps I followed to get a successful Kerberos join were as follows:

  1. Admin removed the entry in the Domain Controller
  2. Reran Kerberos configuration using: sudo dpkg-reconfigure krb5-config
  3. Chose the options in the configuration to add the Domain Controller explicitly to the [realms] section of krb5.conf
  4. Changed the hostname to ensure a new record was created
  5. Pulled a new ticket using kinit
  6. Joined the domain using sudo net ads join -k

Final result:

kyle@SERV21:~$ sudo net ads join -k  
Using short domain name -- COMPANYNAME  
Joined 'SERV21' to dns domain 'CompanyName.Local'

I think you are missing the keytab. You can create it via kadmin tool. type kadmin and in the prompt type help to see how to add the keytab.

  • /etc/krb5.keytab already exists and has some encrypted stuff interspersed with the server name and domain name. Do I need to create an additional one? – embedded.kyle Jun 24 '16 at 18:02

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