I want to make this clear first by saying that i have never tried Photoshop on Wine but in years my Wine can play games can execute almost any software and many thing due to the good configuration that i have made and of course the changes that the community made over the years, so with this in mind you can try to configure your Wine according to mine.
Is not bad to do other thing beyond photoshop right?
There are four main reason that probably photoshop is not working:
1. Try the latest Wine see how: https://wiki.winehq.org/Ubuntu
To find out your version type in terminal: wine --version
*Remove the older version first IF you using an older version before you install the new one.
2. Open winetricks and check what you are missing to make photoshop work:
Choose "Select the default wineprefix" click OK and then "Install a Windows DLL or component" click OK
See if you got those:
Now click on Cancel and choose "Change settings" and enable "ddr=opengl" now press cancel a couple of times until the Winetricks quits.
3. Check the paths in Wine menu configuration:
Note: If you installed the new version of Wine open your file manager and choose to view hidden folders and go to directory /home/yourusername/.wine/drive_c/windows/system32 and make a shortcut of the file " winecfg.exe" on your desktop or run it from terminal by typing winecfg
Now at Tab "Desktop Integration" and also the tab "Drives" are the paths-folders as it should be?
4. Use Wine as "Windoze xp" from tab "Applications.
Tip: Remember to backup your .wine folder from directory /home/yourusername so you don't need to do all this everytime, also you can use the folder for feature use and also for sharing with other users.
Now always make sure to scan time to time this folder with clamtk-gnome (Nautilus Menu Provider extension ) & clamtk (the clamav front-end) and everytime you download an *.exe file.
You can find clamav & clamtk & clamtk-gnome in Synaptic Package Manager and always keep up with latest Virus Definitions by typing in terminal: sudo freshclam