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How to enable Wake On Lan (WOL) in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS?

21

I've found a better way that worked for me. At least a cleaner way. I'm posting this because while googling Ubuntu 16 wol and other similar searches I came across with this post several times. This could help somebody else.

Apparently Ubuntu changed upstart for systemd, this in Ubuntu 15, Ubuntu 16 and presumably next versions too. I'm new to both systems but this worked for me.

To keep WOL working, I had to re-enable it every time the system booted. To avoid doing this manually I used systemd for this purpose. This is what I did:

  1. First, create the file /etc/systemd/system/wol@.service (keep the @ symbol). Put this in it:

    [Unit]
    Description=Wake-on-LAN for %i
    Requires=network.target
    After=network.target
    
    [Service]
    ExecStart=/sbin/ethtool -s %i wol g
    Type=oneshot
    
    [Install]
    WantedBy=multi-user.target
    
  2. Enable this for the interface on boot, run the following command (change eth3 with your interface):

    systemctl enable wol@eth3
    

    You should see something like this:

    Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/wol@eth3.service to /etc/systemd/system/wol@.service.
    
  3. To check if it's enabled, run the following command (change eth3 with your interface) and it should return enabled:

    systemctl is-enabled wol@eth3
    
  4. To test this, reboot and run (change eth3 with your interface):

    ethtool eth3
    

    You should see a line with the following:

    Wake-on: g
    


Sources:

  • 2
    +1 this is way better. should be the accepted one. – Stefanos Kalantzis Nov 29 '17 at 20:27
18

In Ubuntu 16.04 set WOL_DISABLE=N in /etc/default/tlp to avoid getting WOL disabled by TLP power management.

http://linrunner.de/en/tlp/docs/tlp-configuration.html

Add NETDOWN=no in /etc/default/halt to prevent powering off the network card during shutdown

Enable Wake on LAN in /etc/network/interfaces when static network configuration is used.

# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).
# The loopback network interface

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
# The primary network interface

auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
        address 192.168.0.10
        netmask 255.255.255.0
        gateway 192.168.0.1
        dns-nameservers 192.168.0.1
        up ethtool -s eth0 wol g

Enable wake on lan in BIOS, enter the BIOS setup and look for something called "Wake up on PCI event", "Wake up on LAN" or similar. Change it so that it is enabled. Save your settings and reboot.

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/WakeOnLan

Warning some motherboards / network controllers don't support WOL from the cold boot (S5 state, where the power to the system is physically turned off and back on again). In that case, at least one power cycle (power up, shutdown) has to be performed. To mitigate to the problem, the BIOS can be configured to power up when AC is restored and schedule a shutdown inside Ubuntu afterwards. Refer to the motherboard's manual for further details.

3

In order for WOL to work, make sure your ethernet interface is properly being shut down by your system when you poweroff.

Try the following:

  1. Create a bash script called wol_poweroff.sh on the /etc/rc6.d/ directory:

    sudo nano /etc/rc6.d/wol_poweroff.sh
    
  2. Put this code in it:

    #!/bin/bash
    ifconfig eth0 down
    poweroff
    
  3. Copy it to the /etc/rc0.d directory (so it also works with halt):

    sudo cp /etc/rc6.d/wol_poweroff.sh /etc/rc0.d/wol_poweroff.sh
    
  4. Make them both executable:

    sudo chmod 755 /etc/rc6.d/wol_poweroff.sh
    sudo chmod 755 /etc/rc0.d/wol_poweroff.sh
    

Now test to see if it works by powering down your machine with sudo shutdown now or sudo poweroff and using a WOL tool to send a magic packet to it.


That was the only thing that worked for me. I found those steps at a bug report at launchpad.net.

According to the author, Robbie Williamson, this works because of the following:

To get WOL to work the ethernet interface must be properly brought down as part of the system shutdown. This should be performed as part of run levels rc0 and rc6, noting that Linux typically has 7 different run levels (or operating modes):

rc0.d - System Halted

rc1.d - Single User Mode

rc2.d - Single User Mode with Networking

rc3.d - Multi-User Mode - boot up in text mode

rc4.d - Not yet Defined

rc5.d - Multi-User Mode - boot up in X Windows

rc6.d - Shutdown & Reboot


Source: https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/ifupdown/+bug/981461

2

Run the following in the terminal:

sudo ethtool -s {your network interface} wol g 
sudo ethtool {your network interface}

you should see a g next to wake on lan after writing the second command

source

1

Besides parameters suggested by @nkef you can set the following in /etc/network/interfaces if you use DHCP instead of static IP settings for the LAN adapter (here named eth0):

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp
        ethernet-wol g

(tested on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS).

1

If you use NetworkManager, then you can enable WOL via nmcli:

nmcli connection show

Remember NAME of the connection of "802-3-ehternet" TYPE for DEVICE of interest. Say it name is "Wired connection 1". Then modify it properly:

nmcli connection modify "Wired connection 1" 802-3-ethernet.wake-on-lan magic

To get its MAC address:

nmcli connection show "Wired connection 1" | grep 802-3-ethernet.mac-address

From now you can turn it off and turn it on from another machine on the same LAN by wakeonlan 1a:2b:3c:4d:5e:6f command, where 1a:2b:3c:4d:5e:6f is MAC address of the LAN card from previous step.

0

This just bit me too under Ubuntu 18.04 (headless / minimal install), unfortunately the answers already listed here although they may seem to work at times are not going to provide a reliable solution as they create race conditions or fight with the likes of systemd, netplan and udev.

I had tried this approach too at first and it seemed to work, I am scheduling a system to boot each evening via WakeOnLan to run backups as the system BIOS does not provide a scheduled AC on option.

It would work for a few days and then refuse to wake, powering it on manually and running ethtool revealed that WoL had been disabled :

    Wake-on: d

So I figured something else had to be turning it back off and having had many such issues in the last few years with systemd taking over parts of the system I decided to start here, lo and behold:

WakeOnLan= .. .. Defaults to off.

https://www.freedesktop.org/software/systemd/man/systemd.link.html

Examples online show something along the lines of :

/etc/systemd/network/50-wired.link

[Match]
MACAddress=<MAC ADDRESS>

[Link]
WakeOnLan=magic

How ever this was still not working. Then I came across this :

udevadm test-builtin net_setup_link  /etc/systemd/network/50-wired.link

which resulted in :

Load module index
Parsed configuration file /lib/systemd/network/99-default.link
Parsed configuration file /etc/systemd/network/50-wired.link
Parsed configuration file /run/systemd/network/10-netplan-eno1.link

And what do I find in /run/systemd/network/10-netplan-eno1.link ?

[Match]
MACAddress=<MAC ADDRESS>

[Link]
Name=eno1
WakeOnLan=off

Solution Either:

  1. remove netplan,
  2. setup networking via a netplan configuration,
  3. or set the systemd .link file to have a higher priority.

As I already had the systemd .link file I simply renamed it to 00-wired.link, rebooted and now ethtool eno1 reports:

    Wake-on: g

Without any extra services solely for the purpose of trying to enable WoL.

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