Get the tarballs!
Even though Github doesn't expose this in the site (apparently they did ages ago), they provide
tar.gz files of the repositories.
wget -qO - https://github.com/<user>/repo>/archive/master.tar.gz | tar zx --strip-components=1 <repo>-master/<filename>
<filename> are what you'd expect them to be.
--strip-components is use to prevent
tar from creating a directory named after the repo.
$ wget -O - https://github.com/au-answers/dupe-check/archive/master.tar.gz | tar zx --strip-components=1 dupe-check-master/dupe-check
--2016-04-25 08:28:50-- https://github.com/au-answers/dupe-check/archive/master.tar.gz
Resolving github.com (github.com)... 184.108.40.206
Connecting to github.com (github.com)|220.127.116.11|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Found
Location: https://codeload.github.com/au-answers/dupe-check/tar.gz/master [following]
--2016-04-25 08:28:51-- https://codeload.github.com/au-answers/dupe-check/tar.gz/master
Resolving codeload.github.com (codeload.github.com)... 18.104.22.168
Connecting to codeload.github.com (codeload.github.com)|22.214.171.124|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 2470 (2.4K) [application/x-gzip]
Saving to: ‘STDOUT’
- 100%[========================================================================================================================================>] 2.41K --.-KB/s in 0s
2016-04-25 08:28:52 (21.5 MB/s) - written to stdout [2470/2470]
$ ll dupe-check
-rwxr-xr-x 1 muru muru 7.5K Mar 5 21:46 dupe-check
I'm not convinced this is a particularly friendly way. An additional
chmod +x is IMO infinitely preferable.
Get the zips!
You can process substitution on zsh to extract the zips linked on the Github repo page. Github, thankfully, adds extra metadata to zips so that permissions are preserved.
unzip on Ubuntu is able to use that to restore permissions. So:
unzip -j =(wget -O - https://github.com/au-answers/dupe-check/archive/master.zip) dupe-check-master/dupe-check
=() is a zsh thing. It creates a proper file instead of a FIFO. Bash doesn't have an equivalent.
<() is always FIFO.
Git single files
You can get a single file from repo using
git. However, Github doesn't support this.