4

There are lots of "add-apt-repository" posts out there, but I think I have seen and tried the solutions in most of them.

I am trying to install Java on Ubuntu Server 12.04. Some searching lead to the most common solution below:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer

However, when I run

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java

I get the following error:

sudo: add-apt-repository: command not found

So, more searching and troubleshooting has led me to the following:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common

Which gives me (now, at least - the first time, it actually installed the package):

0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.

Other advice suggested the following might be needed:

sudo apt-get install python-software-properties

Which gives the following error:

Some packages could not be installed. This may mean that you have
requested an impossible situation or if you are using the unstable
distribution that some required packages have not yet been created
or been moved out of Incoming.
The following information may help to resolve the situation:

The following packages have unmet dependencies:
 python-software-properties : Depends: python-pycurl but it is not installable
E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages.

So I tried:

sudo apt-get install python-pycur

and get this:

This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or
is only available from another source

E: Package 'python-pycurl' has no installation candidate

Kind of stuck now. Any ideas where to go next?

Per Thomas W.'s suggestion, here are the contents of /etc/apt/sources.list:

# deb cdrom:[Ubuntu-Server 12.04.5 LTS _Precise Pangolin_ - Release i386 (20140806.1)]/ precise main restricted

#deb cdrom:[Ubuntu-Server 12.04.5 LTS _Precise Pangolin_ - Release i386 (20140806.1)]/ precise main restricted

# See http://help.ubuntu.com/community/UpgradeNotes for how to upgrade to
# newer versions of the distribution.
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise main restricted
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise main restricted

## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the
## distribution.
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates main restricted
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates main restricted

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team. Also, please note that software in universe WILL NOT receive any
## review or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise universe
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise universe
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates universe
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates universe

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu 
## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to 
## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in 
## multiverse WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu
## security team.
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise multiverse
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise multiverse
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates multiverse
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates multiverse

## N.B. software from this repository may not have been tested as
## extensively as that contained in the main release, although it includes
## newer versions of some applications which may provide useful features.
## Also, please note that software in backports WILL NOT receive any review
## or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise-security main restricted
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise-security main restricted

Also, results of sudo apt-get update may be useful:

W: Failed to fetch http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/precise/main/source/Sources  Hash Sum mismatch

W: Failed to fetch http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/precise/restricted/source/Sources  Hash Sum mismatch

W: Failed to fetch http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/precise/universe/source/Sources  Hash Sum mismatch

W: Failed to fetch http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/precise/multiverse/source/Sources  Hash Sum mismatch

W: Failed to fetch http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/precise/main/binary-i386/Packages  Hash Sum mismatch

W: Failed to fetch http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/precise/restricted/binary-i386/Packages  Hash Sum mismatch

W: Failed to fetch http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/precise/universe/binary-i386/Packages  Hash Sum mismatch

W: Failed to fetch http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/precise/multiverse/binary-i386/Packages  Hash Sum mismatch

E: Some index files failed to download. They have been ignored, or old ones used instead.
  • 1
    Looks like you have broken packages, can you edit your question to include the contents of your /etc/apt/sources.list ? – Thomas Ward Jan 17 '16 at 22:40
  • Will do. I went through broken packages issues too. Don't remember what part of my process I was in at that time - CUPS install maybe, but I followed all of the apt-get autoclean/update/upgrade, and similar, and got past the issue at the time. Maybe we'll find something new! Always fun. – Puckster Jan 17 '16 at 22:54
  • try again in an hour - hash sum mismatch sounds like the servers are in the middle of a syncing of packages and that should resolve fairly soon – Thomas Ward Jan 17 '16 at 23:16
  • I've gotten similar results each time, so I don't think that's it. Nonetheless, I'll give it a shot again in an hour or so, so we can see for sure. Thanks for your help. – Puckster Jan 17 '16 at 23:20
  • Ok, ran apt-get update again after a little more than an hour with identical results to those posted - same hash sum mismatches. – Puckster Jan 18 '16 at 0:24
1

Ok. Thanks to Thomas W. for comments that led me to the solution.

The cause seems to trace back to broken packages. I had previously searched how to fix broken packages, but none of the solutions fixed the whole problem. I searched instead for the Hash Sum mismatch error I was getting at the end of apt-get update, and found this solution, that solved the problem.

Answer copied here for completeness:

Remove the content of /var/lib/apt/lists directory:

sudo rm -fR /var/lib/apt/lists/*

then run:

sudo apt-get update

Apparently, and you gurus can correct or elaborate, the clean and autoclean flags for apt-get didn't completely purge the problem children from apt/lists directory.

0

Instead of add-apt-repository which you need python-software-properties package for, try the built in apt-add-repository. Works in Precise, Trusy and Xenial right out of the box. See manpage for details.

Note both commands look the same, but look at the order of the apt. The built in one starts with apt, where as the other one starts with add.

  • 1
    But it is precisely the built-in add-apt-repository that didn't work for the OP because the OP was using Ubuntu Server. See askubuntu.com/questions/38021/how-to-add-a-ppa-on-a-server. – edwinksl Jun 24 '16 at 16:10
  • Switch the first two words. apt-add-repository is built in, add-apt-repository is in another package. I know the look the same, I had trouble with this in my vagrant file just the other day. – Atifm Jun 24 '16 at 16:24
  • 1
    But they are the same thing according to askubuntu.com/a/83490/15003. – edwinksl Jun 24 '16 at 16:26
  • Interesting point. However one works in the vanilla precise image, and the other doesn't. Maybe the package adds a symlink? I can post the vagrant file if you like? Starts with ubuntu/precise64 and it has apt-add-repository without adding anything. add-apt doesn't seem to work without first installing python-software-properties first. – Atifm Jun 24 '16 at 16:30
0

I found this, which worked for me

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common

Using Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Server

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