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I have ubuntu running on a multi-core CPU with 32 cores. When I check the cpu usage using top command, sometime it shows more than 100 %, like 340%, 650% etc. I did some investigation and found that its actually a sum of usages across different cores. For example if 1st cpu usages is 20% , 2nd is 30%, 3rd is 40% and remaining are 0% then ‘top’ shows 20+30+40=90%.

Its bit confusing and misleading. I believe the top command should display the CPU usages between 0 to 100 by calculating the usages across all the cores. In my example above, I would expect -(90*100)/3200 =2.8125% . Is this a bug with top command ? should it be considered as an enhancement for future releases? please advise

  • It is not a bug, this is standard top behavior, and it is probably too lte to change it. Nothing stops you from using another command with a different reporting convention however :) – 0xF2 Dec 8 '15 at 4:47
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    Out of curiosity, what CPU is this? One of those newfangled ARM64 systems? – 0xF2 Dec 8 '15 at 4:48
  • CPU1 & CPU2 - Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2670 @2.60 GHz (8 Cores) – Poonam Srivatava Dec 8 '15 at 18:28
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By default, top displays CPU usage as a percentage of a single CPU. On multi-core systems, you can see percentages of CPU usage are greater than 100%. You can toggle this behavior by hitting Shift + i while top is running to show the overall percentage of available CPUs in use.

htop is a better alternative of top. In htop, you can see how your programs consuming all of the 32 cores.

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looks like I found a way :-) if I switch to solaris mode while running the top command it shows the correct cpu usage. To switch to the solaris mode first run the top command then press shift+i

reference articles

https://help.gnome.org/users/gnome-system-monitor/stable/solaris-mode.html.en https://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/15733/why-process-cpu-usage-larger-than-total-cpu-time

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