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I want to convert an elementary stream(.264) to container format(.mp4). Can someone please help me on this? How can I use ffmpeg to do this task? What are all the other methods that could accomplish the same task?

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  • You can also do it via Handbrake gui in software center or via ppa. Oct 26, 2015 at 6:00

3 Answers 3

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This is easy with ffmpeg:

ffmpeg -framerate 24 -i input.264 -c copy output.mp4
  • This simply stream copies (re-muxes) the video so there is no unnecessary re-encoding occurring; therefore the quality is preserved and the whole process is quick.

  • Frame rate is by default assumed to be 25. You can change this with the -framerate input option. Typical values are 30000/1001, 25 (default), 24000/1001, 24, or frame rate aliases such as ntsc, ntsc-film, or pal.

  • If you don't know the frame rate, you can perform the conversion using your best guess as to the frame rate, and then compare the running duration of the output file with the input file running duration and then calculate the actual frame rate. e.g. assume 24 fps and actual running time of 1:00:00 (60 mins) if resulting file has running time of 1:02:30 (62.5 mins) then actual frame rate is 25 fps (24 * 62.5 / 60)

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    One should note that raw H.264 streams don't carry a rate information, so FFmpeg will display a warning and default to 25 frames/second. If you want a different frame rate you can use the -r switch, e. g. -r 30 for 30 frames/second. Apr 21, 2017 at 12:58
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    @DavidFoerster Yes, good point, but the H.264 demuxer uses -framerate instead of -r.
    – llogan
    Apr 21, 2017 at 18:04
  • You're correct. I should have read the entire paragraph in the FFmpeg documentation: “If in doubt use -framerate instead of the input option -r.” For some reason -framerate isn't documented in this manual here though. Apr 21, 2017 at 22:45
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    That of ffmpeg(1) (Ctrl+F for -framrate). There's documentation for it in the avfoundation input device section but it doesn't look like it applies to other cases. Apr 22, 2017 at 0:27
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    @MotsManish I recommend asking a new question. In the question you should provide the complete output of ffmpeg -i input where input is the file from the camera.
    – llogan
    Feb 7, 2020 at 18:20
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Try these commands :

sudo apt-get install x264
x264 raw_stream.264 -o playable_video.mp4

Run the MP4 files in VLC

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    This re-encodes for no reason. Better to just re-mux.
    – llogan
    Oct 26, 2015 at 17:22
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I wrote a simple bash script to convert all the files in a directory. Make sure the directory only contains the source files since the operation will run on all files in a given directory.

touch ./convert
chmod +x ./convert

edit convert

#!/bin/bash
for f in *; do
    if [ -f "$f" ] && [ "$f" != "convert" ]; then
        ffmpeg -framerate 25 -i "$f" -c copy "$f.mp4"
    fi
done

Drop in a directory with only the source files, double click and choose run

This script assumes ffmpeg is set up on you system. Not sure which libs are needed, this is what I installed before running: sudo apt install ffmpeg x264 x265 h264enc mencoder mplayer

Only run it once

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  • "this is what I installed before running: sudo apt install ffmpeg x264 x265 h264enc mencoder mplayer" Only ffmpeg is needed for this script, so the other packages are not necessary.
    – llogan
    Feb 16, 2021 at 17:48
  • this was awesome... <3 Apr 28 at 3:40

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