Where the details of Password and Username/Computer Name being Stored in Ubuntu 14.04?

How to Change the Password and the Username?

Ways to recover the forgotten Password and the Username without doing any Harm?

1 Answer 1


Usernames are stored in /etc/passwd - so you can look in here to remind yourself what the usernames are - anyone can read this file.

Passwords are stored (hashed) in /etc/shadow

To reset a user's password:

sudo passwd <username>

-- it will ask you for a new password.

Last question - erm - don't tell anyone? Not quite sure what sort of suggestion you're looking for here.

If you can't get into the machine at all (so can't look in /etc/passwd) then you have to reset the root password, with which Google can help.

  • But i can't able to see any name in '/etc/passwd'. I think it stores the log? @Mark Smith Aug 8, 2015 at 14:06
  • Since the Password being Hashed. How to View the Password @Mark Smith Aug 8, 2015 at 14:14
  • Usernames are in /etc/passwd - definitely. The first item in every row - for example yours might say sridhar:x:<more stuff>. You cannot recover the original password from the hash - that would be terrible. The best you can do is create a new one for that account.
    – Mark Smith
    Aug 8, 2015 at 14:18
  • Good stuff. You're welcome!
    – Mark Smith
    Aug 8, 2015 at 14:23

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