Sometimes I download applications and they don't include a makefile; just a bunch of source code and an executable application. For instance, I downloaded tor but it comes with the application and a folder full of source code. How can I actually install this in my system so I don't need to run it from my downloads folder? Also how do I add it to my taskbar/dock?
Also is there a way to install python programs instead of running them as "sudo python executable.py"?
I know this is possible because some distros like kali have tor pre-installed, but I would like to do this on Ubuntu.
Sorry if I'm not using correct terminology, I'm coming from a mac.