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Recently, I needed to get a list of packages that were installed on my Ubuntu system which were also put on hold for upgrade.

The 'hold' status for a package means that when the operating system is upgraded, the installer will not upgrade these packages either, unless explicitly stated in the options.

I am looking for a command-line solution but understand this may be possible from the GUI as well.

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You can use apt-mark:

apt-mark showhold

this will show the packages that are kept in "hold" state so that the pacakge manager won't auto upgrade the packages.

From man apt-mark:

showhold
           showhold is used to print a list of packages on hold
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  • 1
    Shows nothing but system is complaining about held packages. Must be more fundamental way. – mathtick Mar 25 at 18:54
13

Use dpkg

dpkg -l | grep "^hi"

The -l means to list all packages which are then piped into grep.

The regular expression "^hi" means to search for all lines that begin with "hi" which are initials for "hold" and "installed".

By default, dpkg -l will list the status, package name, version, architecture, and a short description.

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  • This method works on debian systems regardless of the higher level package wrapper being used, thus it is more general. – uDude Jul 30 '19 at 14:01

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