AFAIK, a PRAM/NVRAM reset should not affect the encryption key. You said you did a "drive repair from within mac OS X," and that action might cause problems, but that goes beyond disk encryption -- if you force a utility that doesn't understand LVM or Linux filesystems to "repair" a Linux filesystem or Linux LVM partition, the result is likely to be data corruption, whether or not encryption is used. Encryption will make data recovery from such an event much harder to do, though.
Ordinarily, I'd expect OS X's utilities to not try to "repair" a Linux filesystem or LVM partition they don't understand. They might do so if your partition type code is wrong, though. Linux partitions should be of type 0FC63DAF-8483-4772-8E79-3D69D8477DE4 (no flag set in recent versions of GParted or
parted, type code 8300 in
gdisk). There's the related question of hybrid MBRs. IMO, it's best to install Linux without a hybrid MBR on Macs. You can check this detail with
$ sudo gdisk -l /dev/sda
GPT fdisk (gdisk) version 1.0.0
Partition table scan:
BSD: not present
APM: not present
This example shows a non-hybrid MBR, as identified by the
MBR: protective line; a hybrid MBR will show
MBR: hybrid instead. You can convert from hybrid to protective by saving the partition table in
GParted or by using the
n option on
gdisk's experts' menu and then saving the change via
w (that is,
Be aware, though, that if you're using a hybrid MBR, you may be booting Ubuntu in BIOS/CSM/legacy mode, and removing the hybrid MBR will render the Mac unable to boot in that mode. This will necessitate installing an EFI-mode boot loader. (You can check your Ubuntu boot mode by looking for a directory called
/sys/firmware/efi -- if it's present, you've booted in EFI mode; if it's absent, you've booted in BIOS/CSM/legacy mode.) Also, if you're triple-booting with Windows, you must normally have a hybrid MBR. Thus, you should not blindly remove the hybrid MBR, if one is present; instead, you should first assess whether you need it and then delete it only if you don't or if you have a plan to update your boot loader(s) appropriately.
Beyond this, I agree with user68186: You should back up your data to an external disk or other external media. Risks to data loss go far beyond encryption problems and include things like physical loss of your laptop, catastrophic failure of your hard disk or SSD, accidental catastrophic mis-use of
dd or other disk utilities, and so on.