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The command dpkg -l is used to list all installed packages in the system.

But if you look to the output such as below:

ii  whoopsie       0.1.34         Ubuntu crash database submission daemon
rc  wicd-daemon    1.7.2.3-1ubunt wired and wireless network manager - daemon
rc  wicd-gtk       1.7.2.3-1ubunt wired and wireless network manager - GTK+ cl
ii  winbind        2:3.6.3-2ubunt Samba nameservice integration server
ii  wine           1:1.7.18-0ubun Microsoft Windows Compatibility Layer (meta-
ii  wine-gecko2.21 2.21-0ubuntu1~ Microsoft Windows compatibility layer (embed
ii  wine-gecko2.21 2.21-0ubuntu1~ Microsoft Windows compatibility layer (embed
ii  wine-mono0.0.8 0.0.8-0ubuntu1 Microsoft Windows compatibility layer (.NET 
rc  wine1.4        1.4.1-0ubuntu1 Microsoft Windows Compatibility Layer (Binar
rc  wine1.4-amd64  1.4.1-0ubuntu1 Microsoft Windows Compatibility Layer (64-bi
rc  wine1.4-i386:i 1.4.1-0ubuntu1 Microsoft Windows Compatibility Layer (32-bi
ii  wine1.6        1:1.6.1-0ubunt Microsoft Windows Compatibility Layer (Binar

you can see the first element is either ii or rc.

So my question what is the meaning of ii and rc?

  • 2
    It wasn't like that. I really asked the question by time i found the link then when i see the answer is founded i marked as duplicate myself. It's not a game, It's self learning – Maythux May 20 '15 at 15:01
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To get that you need to check the man page of dpkg-query. From man dpkg-query :

The first three columns of the output show the desired action, the package status, and errors, in that order.

          Desired action:
            u = Unknown
            i = Install
            h = Hold
            r = Remove
            p = Purge

          Package status:
            n = Not-installed
            c = Config-files
            H = Half-installed
            U = Unpacked
            F = Half-configured
            W = Triggers-awaiting
            t = Triggers-pending
            i = Installed

          Error flags:
            <empty> = (none)
            R = Reinst-required
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2

Quoted from https://linuxprograms.wordpress.com/2010/05/11/status-dpkg-list/

Status of every package is represented by three characters xxx

The first character signifies the desired state

u: Unknown (an unknown state)
i: Install (marked for installation)
r: Remove (marked for removal)
p: Purge (marked for purging)
h: Hold

The second character signifies the current state, whether it is installed or not.

n: Not- The package is not installed
i: Inst – The package is successfully installed
c: Cfg-files – Configuration files are present
u: Unpacked- The package is stilled unpacked
f: Failed-cfg- Failed to remove configuration files
h: Half-inst- The package is only partially installed
W: trig-aWait
t: Trig-pend

The third Character corresponds to the error state.

R: Reinst-required The package must be installed.

Then

rc comes to packages remove with config files present

ii comes to packages marked for installation and it's successfully installed

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  • edited to remove my downvote sorry – A.B. May 20 '15 at 15:12

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