Is there a way to use wildcards with
aptitude such as in the following:
sudo apt-get remove openoffice*.*
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http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=228309 indicates that it's possible via constructs such as
~n<package name> and this is confirmed by the user manual http://algebraicthunk.net/~dburrows/projects/aptitude/doc/en/ch02s03s02.html.
~n<package name> is a search pattern for matching package names. It's also possible to match other fields than packages' names, see http://algebraicthunk.net/~dburrows/projects/aptitude/doc/en/ch02s03s05.html#tableSearchTermQuickGuide.
Here's an example. Say that you want
aptitude to show every package with "redshift" in its name, then you issue
aptitude show ~nredshift
It should be combinable with other aptitude options, such as install and remove, too, e.g. to remove all installed packages with openoffice in their name you issue
sudo aptitude -P remove ~nopenoffice
Make sure to use the
-P option when using search patterns to force aptitude to display a prompt before downloading, installing or removing packages (the search pattern might have many matches and you'll want to be prompted before carrying out an action).
One thing that I haven't worked out is how to get the exact functionality of wildcards, e.g. that
openoffice* matches every string starting with "openoffice" (
~nopenoffice matches any string containing "openoffice"). Maybe a workaround is possible, e.g. to search for installed packages with a certain string in their names and then feed aptitude with their names.
You just put it in quotes:
sudo apt-get remove "openoffice*"
Otherwise the shell would try to match this to the files of your current working directory.
To match strings starting with a package name, prepend a
^ in front of it.
aptitude search ~n^openoffice