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I want to keep files newer than 7 days in /tmp between boots. Prior to 15.04 I did this by setting TMPTIME=7 in /etc/default/rcS. But with 15.04 and the replacement of upstart by systemd, this doesn't work. As far as I understand, the approach is through the file /usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/tmp.conf and the possibility of overriding it with /etc/tmpfiles.d/tmp.conf. But I have the default /usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/tmp.conf which has the line:

D /tmp 1777 root root -

The final - means, according to the tmpfiles.d man page, that no automatic cleanup is done. But, in fact my /tmp is cleaned out with every reboot and I could not find a way to stop that. Why is /tmp getting cleaned out, and how can I change that?

  • Just out of interest, why do you want to keep files in /tmp after reboots? – thomasrutter May 19 '15 at 3:31
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    I often download files or create scratch files that I may need for a day or two but don't want to keep permanently, so I have been keeping them in /tmp with a 7 day day clean out period. Its a workflow that has been effective for me for many years, and I would like to keep it up. The documentation seems to suggest that the tmpfiles.d system is designed to support this, but I can't get it to work. – user7078 May 19 '15 at 23:38
  • For this I use a "Temp" directory in my home directory, eg ~/Temp as /tmp has a system specific purpose and I don't want to pollute the global /tmp. That said, good luck on solving your problem but I'm sorry I don't personally know how to solve it. – thomasrutter May 20 '15 at 0:25
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I fixed this by creating the file /etc/tmpfiles.d/tmp.conf containing:

# Override cleaning of /tmp in vendor /usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/tmp.conf,
# as documented in tmpfiles.d(5), for Kubuntu 15.04 and above that
# use systemd.  First char is 'd', instead of 'D', to avoid cleaning.

d /tmp 1777 root root -
  • Thanks, that is what I was looking for. – user333869 Oct 22 '18 at 8:25
  • /tmp to me is a sort of recycle bin which I want to clean by my personal preferences. It is a valuable space for script debugging and thus should have a more sophisticated clean mechanism than just removing things at reboot. Using /var/tmp for more persistent stuff means to apply a cleanup process to that dir too so I'd like to leave it in /tmp in the 1st place. – user333869 Oct 22 '18 at 8:31

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