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I have to start my MongoDB server every time the system restarts. How do I configure it to start with my OS? I am on Ubuntu 11.04.

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  • 1
    I wonder why noone recommends using upstart here. – Tom Mar 9 '12 at 17:37

10 Answers 10

128

I had the same "problem" on Debian jessie, and my simple solution is:

systemctl enable mongod.service

I think in Ubuntu it's the same.

-- EDIT --

According to the comments, it works on Ubuntu too. On Ubuntu 18.04 LTS it seems to be this solution:

systemctl enable mongodb.service

Thanks to @Adam. Maybe they changed the name of the service

  • 10
    Worked for me on Ubuntu Mate 16.04.2 LTS – Muhammad Gelbana Feb 18 '17 at 12:50
  • 2
    Pity there is no info in official documentation about starting the service. – UpTheCreek Jan 9 '18 at 12:31
  • 2
    may need to (sudo) systemctl start mongod to start the mongd service – Jeff Xiao Apr 3 '18 at 11:47
  • 2
    Also works on ubuntu 18.04 LTS – 89n3ur0n Aug 21 '18 at 16:08
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    Only works for me if I change mongod.service to mongodb.service on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS - strange? – Adam Jul 14 at 19:32
37

If you install MongoDB using the Advanced Packaging Tool (apt) then it'll configure your startup scripts to automatically run Mongo when the system boots.

The steps are as follows, first configure apt to be able to download the Mongo package:

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv 7F0CEB10
sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Add this line to sources.list then save:

deb http://downloads-distro.mongodb.org/repo/ubuntu-upstart dist 10gen

Then download and install Mongo with the apt-get utility:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install mongodb-10gen

If you want to make any changes to config, edit your mongodb.conf and restart: 

sudo nano /etc/mongodb.conf
sudo service mongod restart
  • 5
    If you want to later change it to not automatically start MongoDB on startup, edit /etc/init/mongodb.conf. – kynan Dec 5 '12 at 12:08
11

Controlling all the init.d service links should be done with the update-rc.d tool

i.e. to turn on the mongod daemon in the default runlevels (i.e. turn it on at boot):

update-rc.d mongodb defaults

See https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UbuntuBootupHowto for more information. This link tells you everything you want to know about how to set programs at boot.

  • 2
    The 10gen MongoDB distribution does not use System-V style init scripts, you need to edit /etc/init/mongodb.conf. – kynan Dec 5 '12 at 12:04
  • do i need to do this? – tofutim Mar 11 '18 at 1:53
5

If you have installed the MongoDB Community Edition (which is the recommended way since it receives more frequent updates than the package distributed in the Ubuntu package repository) you configure the start / stop behaviour of mongod via the upstart init script /etc/init/mongod.conf, which defaults to start the daemon automatically on boot

start on runlevel [2345]
stop on runlevel [06]

If you do not want it to start automatically, replace those 2 lines with

stop on runlevel [023456]
  • Will this start the server before anyone logs into the system? – Gabriel Fair Mar 17 '18 at 16:13
  • @GabrielFair Yes – kynan Aug 5 '18 at 11:24
5

I am using crontab for Ubuntu. It works fine. To be able to edit file

Sudo crontab –e 

Add this line to the file

@reboot sudo service mongod start &

The "&" sigh at the end help it to work background.

Ctrl + x for exit, press "Y" once prompted. And keep the file name as "crontab".

3

If you have Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, you can enable mongo to start on boot typing this in your console:
sudo systemctl enable mongod
I have used this approach with MongoDB Community Edition 3.6 and it works. Reboot your machine and test if mongo is running typing:
sudo service mongod status

3

You can use systemctl command to enable your mongo service at run at system boot.

Create a service such that

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/mongodb.service

Place content in the file

[Unit]
Description=MongoDB Database Service
Wants=network.target
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/bin/mongod --config /etc/mongod.conf
ExecReload=/bin/kill -HUP $MAINPID
Restart=always
User=mongodb
Group=mongodb
StandardOutput=syslog
StandardError=syslog

after that you will be able to use service commands like

sudo service mongod start|stop|restart

and then if you want to make it up at machine boot, you can create mongod file under /etc/init.d/

1

chkconfig --levels 235 mongod on?

where mongodb is the name of your service

  • 2
    The 10gen MongoDB distribution does not use System-V style init scripts by default (though one is provided), edit /etc/init/mongodb.conf instead. – kynan Dec 5 '12 at 12:16
  • @kynan Edit it how? What do I change / add to the mongod.conf file? – Kieveli Apr 28 '16 at 13:48
  • @Kieveli: see this answer – kynan Apr 29 '16 at 22:46
1

I have consistently used this post as a starting point to get a new sharding rig up and running. It includes a section on configuring upstart that I've also used.

http://joslynesser.com/blog/archives/2010/09/28/mongodb-sharding-guide-server-setup-on-ubuntu-ec2/

  • 1
    Please do not post "only external links". It is possible that the external link may go down in future and this answer would then be incomplete. In addition to the link, please post the relevant part of the article here: eg. post the part that shows "How to start MongoDB server on system start?" using upstart. – rigved Dec 23 '11 at 6:39
1

If you install MongoDB with apt-get as described in the MongoDB Ubuntu installation guide, it will come with a basic startup script and config file. (use of a config file is highly recommended)

You can also take a look here for an old post that links to an init.d script.

In either case, the basic premise is that you're setting up a service and then configuring to start-stop with the computer. This is pretty common technique for servers, there are lots of tutorials around for doing exactly this.

  • 2
    no longer the case in 16.04 – chovy Dec 10 '16 at 6:59

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