2

I have played with Powergrep and regular expressions but I don't know how to do that:

I have the text file (source code of webpage) and I want to delete all text (a lot of lines) before the specific string in the code: STRING1 (html tag) and also all the text after another specific string: STRING2. Those strings appears only once in the source code.

  • Please be aware, that regular expressions are generally a terrible tool to parse XML/HTML. – David Foerster Apr 9 '15 at 12:58
  • I agree with David Foerster You can use sed , see stackoverflow.com/questions/3548864/… but I highly advise you run it on a backup first =) – Panther Apr 10 '15 at 1:27
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Open a Terminal by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T and use the one of below one linear command. Don't forget to change the input filename to yours.

Using :

awk -v FS="(STRING1|STRING2)" '{print $2}' inputfile > outputfile

Using :

grep -Pzo "(?<=STRING1)(.|\n)*(?=STRING2)" inputfile > outputfile

or with DOTALL (Dot Matches Line Breaks) modifier. It makes . to match even \new line characters.

grep -Pzo "(?s)(?<=STRING1).*?(?=STRING2)" inputfile > outpuffile

The (?s) actives the DOTALL for grep.

or as another alternative to match \new line chars, simply use:

grep -Pzo "(?<=STRING1)[\s\S]*(?=STRING2)" inputfile > outpuffile

In man grep:

-o, --only-matching
      Print only the matched (non-empty) parts of a matching line,
      with each such part on a separate output line.

-P, --perl-regexp
      Interpret PATTERN as a Perl compatible regular expression (PCRE)

-z, --null-data
      Treat the input as a set of lines, each terminated by a zero byte (the ASCII 
      NUL character) instead of a newline. Like the -Z or --null option, this option 
      can be used with commands like sort -z to process arbitrary file names.

(?<=pattern): Known as Positive Lookbehind. A pair of parentheses, with the opening parenthesis followed by a question mark, "less than" symbol, and an equals sign.

So, the (?<=STRING1).*? (positive lookbehind) matches the 0 or more occurrences of any characters(which are optional because of using ? after .*) followed by STRING1 from inputfile.

(?=pattern): Known as Positive Lookahead: The positive lookahead construct is a pair of parentheses, with the opening parenthesis followed by a question mark and an equals sign.

So, the .*?(?=STRING2): (positive lookahead) matches 0 or more occurrences of any characters followed by STRING2.


Links for reading more:
Advanced Grep Topics
GREP for Designers

0

You can do that with this command:

sed -e '/STRING1/,/STRING2/!d' inputfile > outputfile
  • Thank you, but I don't know where and how to use this command in Powergrep... or where I have to use this command? – Juha Mar 31 '15 at 10:13
  • 1
    In the terminal. – Helio Mar 31 '15 at 10:35
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    This assumes that STRING1 is the only thing on the line. Try sed -e '/.*STRING1/,/STRING2.*/!d' instead. – terdon Mar 31 '15 at 11:57
  • @terdon: Do I update my answer with your improvement quoting you or simply expect that the OP read your comment? – Helio Mar 31 '15 at 12:29
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    Ideally, you include the info from comments in your answer. Comments can be deleted without warning and are easy to miss. However, my comment was wrong. I mean, you are making that assumption but my solution doesn't change that. Try this instead: sed -r 's/.*(STRING1)/\1/;s/(STRING2).*/\1/; /STRING1/,/STRING2/!d' file. – terdon Mar 31 '15 at 12:49

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