Is it possible to coerce bash to reload the .profile file without logging out and back in again?

up vote 85 down vote accepted

This should work for the current terminal:

. ~/.profile

. is a bash builtin and a synonym for source, see man bash:

. filename [arguments]
source filename [arguments]
     Read and execute commands from filename in the current shell environment (…).

  • 15
    It will be effective only in the current terminal. – enzotib Aug 29 '11 at 14:14
  • @enzotib Is there a way to work around that? – Matty Aug 29 '11 at 14:20
  • 10
    @Matty: no, to make the changes visible to the whole graphical environment, you can only restart the session – enzotib Aug 29 '11 at 14:22
  • 1
    The only issue with this is if you remove something from path it would not take effect until you restart – Aras Sep 12 '16 at 19:44
  • @enzotib Is it effective for all sub processes started from current terminal? – Bruce Sun Aug 4 '17 at 2:39

If you don't want to start a new shell but execute the script in the current shell, you source it:


source = .

The Bash source built-in is a synonym for the Bourne shell . (dot) command.

courtesy -

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