How do I get the Home Folder back and the icon? I'm using Unity desktop environment.
You have to make a recovery for your deleted files. I advise you to use R-studio for Linux which is a free version of R-studio data recovery tools.
R-Studio for Linux recovers files:
Deleted from the computer and emptied from the Trash Corrupted due to a virus, power failure or sudden shutdown From disks that have been Re-formatted to the same file system or a different file system Damaged and have bad sectors-R-Studio for Linux creates an image of the entire disk and recovers it from there to prevent further physical damage to the disk You can download from here.