Currently, my MySQL server starts on every server boot. For a couple reasons, this is undesirable behavior. Is there a way to disable this behavior?
To prevent mysql from starting on boot:
Open the terminal: Ctrl+Alt+T
Comment out the
start online near the top of the file, the
start onmight be spread across two lines, so comment out both. (comment adding
#at the beginning)
If you want to manually start mysql, use the following command:
service mysql start
Taken liberally from here.
In Ubuntu 18.04,
sudo systemctl disable mysql will prevent
mysql-server from autostarting on boot.
For linux, there are 3 main init systems:
SysV. Although nearly all Linux systems run on Systemd. The other two init systems might also co-exist in your system.
Systemd, use command
sudo systemctl disable mysql;
echo manual >> /etc/init/mysql.override;
SysV, run the following command
sudo update-rc.d mysql disable
If you'd like to find which init system is running on your server, please read this answer.
Things have changed quite a bit in Ubuntu now. I think from version 11 onwards. MySQL is handled by Upstart while Apache still uses traditional SysV init scripts
For MySQL, you can use the new override feature in Upstart to modify the starting behaviour:
sudo echo "manual" >> /etc/init/mysql.override
For more info, see the section "Disabling a Job from Automatically Starting" in the Upstart Cookbook.
As Apache still uses the traditional SysV init scripts you can use
sudo update-rc.d -f apache2 remove
to remove the links from
/etc/rcX.d or, alternatively use
sudo update-rc.d apache2 disable
which "disables" the script by changing it from a start script to a stop script. This is reversible by
sudo update-rc.d apache2 enable
Most of this information I got from here: https://askubuntu.com/a/40077/24678
There are two Guis I can think of. From Applications -> Ubuntu Software Center search for "boot up manager". After installing you will find it in the System -> Administration -> BootUP-Manager. Another is Webmin. Webmin uses your browser. After installing point your browser to https://localhost:10000/ Look for services and work it from there.
Well I am using Ubuntu 20.04 on my laptop. The problem I faced is that mysql service starts at boot up and takes 32 seconds to move to the next step in the sequence of bootup. So I decided to disable it from the boot sequence to make it boot faster. For this I followed the below steps:
I checked for mysql running status by command:
sudo service mysql status
The result showed the status as in the snippet shown below. There I noticed the source of it's loading - " loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mysql.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) "
● mysql.service - MySQL Community Server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mysql.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: inactive (dead) since Thu 2020-04-16 03:45:09 IST; 26min ago
So I decided to disabled it using systemctl command as:
sudo systemctl disable mysql
result of the above command:
Synchronizing state of mysql.service with SysV service script with /lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install. Executing: /lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install disable mysql Removed /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mysql.service.
Now I can manually start / stop or check the status of mysql service by using the following commands:
sudo service mysql start
sudo service mysql stop
sudo service mysql status
I hope this might help. Cheers.
Or if your really laze like me you could just open a Terminal session and then type:
sudo perl -pi.orig -e 's/start\s+on/#start\s+on/' /etc/init/mysql.conf && sudo perl -pi.orig -e 's/and\s+/#and/g' /etc/init/mysql.conf
You can then just issue a reboot command then your system will boot-up without mysql started.
Actually, there is also another method to accomplish this, via the sysv-rc-conf tool.
You can install it by typing
sudo apt-get install sysv-rc-conf
It allows you to take control over all available services, including running/stopping them in place and configuring services' operation per runlevel.
Edit: You have to run tis tool as root:
You can use
chkconfig tool package
$ chkconfig --level 345 mysqld off