I use Ubuntu 14.04 LTS and my laptop is a Dell XPS L502X.

My laptop has stopped working, when I start it up I get this

error:attempt to read or write outside of 'hd0'
press any key to continue...

I know for a fact that during boot I can repeatedly tap the esc to get into the grubloader and from there press 'c' to get into a command line screen

If I do 'ls' it shows (hd0) (hd0,msdos5) (hd0,msdos1)

How do I fix this?

EDIT: this is the output of df --human

ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ df --human df: ‘/var/lib/polkit-1/localauthority/90-mandatory.d’: Permission denied Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /cow 3.9G 443M 3.5G 12% / /dev 3.9G 12K 3.9G 1% /mnt/dev tmpfs 788M 1.2M 787M 1% /run /dev/sdb1 7.2G 980M 6.3G 14% /cdrom /dev/loop0 939M 939M 0 100% /rofs none 4.0K 0 4.0K 0% /sys/fs/cgroup tmpfs 3.9G 9.0M 3.9G 1% /tmp none 5.0M 4.0K 5.0M 1% /run/lock none 3.9G 516K 3.9G 1% /run/shm none 100M 60K 100M 1% /run/user /dev/sda1 909G 13G 851G 2% /mnt

  • boot using a live CD and do a sudo parted --list, mount all local drives and do a df --human and post the output to your question. – Fabby Dec 29 '14 at 23:48
  • Ok, Ill get onto that asap, and see what I can do. – Dilan Dec 31 '14 at 5:22
  • Well I have done the df --human command and the output is where the question is, what to do now? – Dilan Dec 31 '14 at 12:17
  • Whew! Could you also post /etc/fstab? – Fabby Jan 1 '15 at 1:19
  • I don't understand what you mean by posting /etc/fstab (Any mounting involved?) – Dilan Jan 1 '15 at 2:48

As the backup of your data succeeded, to avoid this in the future ensure that you have 2 backups: an off-line system back-up and an on-line data backup.

To be able to even make a system backup, you need to install Ubuntu with at least 3 partitions: swap, / and /home and have an additional HDD (preferably external, so you can store it away from the computer)

To make a system back-up, boot a CloneZilla live CD, back-up / as a disk-to-image and keep at least the current and the previous copy (so that if the system crashes during the system back-up, you still have your previous one)

To restore a system backup, boot a live CD (preferably just the gparted Live CD as it boots quickest) delete the swap and system partition and re-create them. Then restore the system backup with a CloneZilla restore image-to-disk.

How often should you make a system backup? Before you do anything drastic, like upgrading your main application, or after you've done some major tinkering. I do that every couple of months (sometimes weeks)

To make a data back-up: continue using your current back-up program but use that to backup /home only...

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