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This question already has an answer here:

Is there a list of packages that are installed on a fresh install?

I know, there is the other question How do I list the default installed packages? But that doesn't show, what will be the output of

dpkg --get-selections | grep -v deinstall | cut -f 1

right after a fresh install of Ubuntu desktop?

I would like to compare the resulting remaining list with the packages I have installed at the moment, so I can find out, what changed on the system since install.

marked as duplicate by muru, David Foerster, Zanna, Eric Carvalho, Charles Green Oct 17 '17 at 15:06

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

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There is a full list in the manifest file of each distribution at http://releases.ubuntu.com

To get just the list use

wget http://releases.ubuntu.com/utopic/ubuntu-14.10-desktop-amd64.manifest \
-q -O - | cut -f 1 

Note that not all these packages stay installed. On the CD images, you'll also find a file called /capsper/filesystem.manifest-remove which is a list of things to remove after installation. (here is this file from Ubuntu 17.10)

related: check if all default packages are installed from the Ubuntu manifest

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