I have a large file (8GB for Example). How can I split it into multiple parts, let's say 3 equal parts, and after that how do I integrate them later?
There are several ways to accomplish this. Let's start with the basic ones.
Using the split and cat commands:
Lets says I have an image and its too big (10MB). All I do is:
split --bytes=1M /path/to/image/image.jpg /path/to/image/prefixForNewImagePieces
and then to put it together I use cat:
cat prefixFiles* > newimage.jpg
Assuming am inside the folder where the image is:
split --bytes=1M myimage.jpg new
if the image is inside a directory called images you can also do this:
split --bytes=1M images/myimage.jpg new
If the image is inside the directory /home/cyrex/images you can do this:
split --bytes=1M /home/cyrex/images/myimage.jpg new
(In all the cases above it will split
myimage.jpg in 1MB pieces and prefix the name of the pieces with the word new. So they would look like
If you are splitting a Text file and want to split it by lines you can do this:
split -l 1000 book.txt new
Which will split the text file in output files of 1000 lines each. This is another way to split a file and is mostly used for text files like logs, sql dumps, csv files, etc..
Then I merge them
cat new* > newimage.jpg
This is one way. You can even change the size of the splitted pieces. Just change the part that says
--bytes=1K for 1 kilobyte or 1G for giga, or another number like
--bytes=4K for 4KB pieces.
Another way is the compress option in the gui of Nautilus. It gives you an option to split the file or files you want to compress into smaller megabyte sizes. Its simple and easy.
Yet another way is using 7z
Assuming you have an ISO image called
ubuntu.iso you could do this:
7z a -v5m -mx0 ubuntu.7z ubuntu.iso
This will create 5MB size files from the
-v5m is the volume size so you can change it to 10, 12, 1, 3 and also the m can be changed to k for kilobytes, etc; the
-mx0 switch tells 7-Zip to use no compression, that is, just to split data into parts.
To extract just do
7z x ubuntu.7z.001
this way you extract the first file and 7z starts extracting from the following files in order. You can also do
7z e ubuntu.7z.001
which has the same effect here.
Gnome split? http://gnome-split.org/
GNOME Split is a tool that allows you to split files and merge them back. It is written in Java and uses a GTK+ user interface (thanks to the java-gnome project). The goal is to offer a native implementation of similar projects which can handle multiple file formats (e.g. Xtremsplit).
HOZ - Hacha Open Zource v1.65 - http://hoz.sourceforge.net/
From the developer:
OZ is what you would call a 'file splitter'. Its file format is the same as the one used by the 'Hacha' software, a well known splitter in Spain and Latinamerica. HOZ is an open-source and portable C implementation of an 'Hacha' compatible splitter.
HOZ is smaller and faster than 'Hacha'.
btw, I used a 'Z' isntead of a 'S' in 'Zource' because 'hoz' is 'sickle' in spanish, and since 'hacha' is the spanish word for 'axe'...
After installing, you can use the Hoz GUI by dropping
ghoz in a terminal. The operation is so simple that needs no explanation but further information can be reached in the developer's site.
A free file split and merge utility developed in Java. It is a small size application that allows a user to split any type of file in smaller sizes in KB, MB or GB.
It is available for Linux as well as Windows.
WoodCutter offers 3 ways of merging back the original files. WoodCutter creates a merge file which can be processed by the WoodCutter application to join all the files back. In case the receiver of split files does not have WoodCutter installed, then also the original file can be obtained as WoodCutter also creates a batch file and a Shell script file to merge the files back. The batch file will be used in Windows platform and Shell script will be used in Linux platforms.
This is a good option to generate N files with the same size, except for the last one which might be larger due to indivisibility. E.g.:
printf '0123456789' > f.txt split -d --number 2 f.txt f.txt.part. tail f.txt.part.*
==> f.txt.part.00 <== 01234 ==> f.txt.part.01 <== 56789
split -d --number 3 f.txt f.txt.part. tail f.txt.part.*
==> f.txt.part.00 <== 012 ==> f.txt.part.01 <== 345 ==> f.txt.part.02 <== 6789
-b + explicit size calculation, which was mentioned at: https://askubuntu.com/a/54584/52975 , the last file may be almost 2x larger than the previous ones, which is sometimes a downside to this option. It is however more convenient many times, since you don't have to do the size calculation yourself.
Equal number of lines was asked at: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/2016894/how-to-split-a-large-text-file-into-smaller-files-with-equal-number-of-lines
split 2.28, Ubuntu 18.04.