I've installed ubuntu server and successfully running my web server in it. Though I wanna know that my system hard disk space is 1TB which is full with contents available in my website. And I wanna add an external 4TB hard drive to my motherboard but the question is how can I increase the hard drive space where LAMP is installed. I mean I wanna merge the Partition something we can do with AOME Partition Manager with Windows... And if there any other alternative please let me know..


Test this:

Assuming that your external drive is /dev/sdc

Create a table of gpt partition and a partition:

sudo -i
gdisk /dev/sdc

The initial output is a warning if the disk is not a new disk or a disk already using GPT:

GPT fdisk (gdisk) version 0.7.2
Partition table scan:
  MBR: MBR only
  BSD: not present
  APM: not present
  GPT: not present
Found invalid GPT and valid MBR; converting MBR to GPT format.
you don't want to convert your MBR partitions to GPT format!
Command (? for help):

When starting gdisk on a disk with existing MBR partitions and no GPT, the program displays a message surrounded by asterisks about converting the existing partitions to GPT.

Type ? and you will see a list of available commands:

Command (? for help):  ? 
b   back up GPT data to a file
c   change a partition's name
d   delete a partition
i   show detailed information on a partition
l   list known partition types
n   add a new partition
o   create a new empty GUID partition table (GPT)
p   print the partition table
q   quit without saving changes
r   recovery and transformation options (experts only)
s   sort partitions
t   change a partition's type code
v   verify disk
w   write table to disk and exit
x   extra functionality (experts only)
?   print this menu

Type n to add a new partition and XXXT to give the partition a size.

Partition number (1-128, default 1):  1 
First sector (34-15728606, default = 4605952) or {+-}size{KMGTP}: 
Last sector (4605952-15728606, default = 15728606) or {+-}size{KMGTP}: +4T
Current type is 'Linux filesystem'
Hex code or GUID (L to show codes, Enter = 8300): 8300
Changed type of partition to 'Linux filesystem

The w writes your changes to disk whilst q command exits without saving your changes:

Command (? for help): w

Final checks complete. About to write GPT data. THIS WILL OVERWRITE EXISTING

Do you want to proceed? (Y/N):  y 
OK; writing new GUID partition table (GPT).
The operation has completed successfully.

As gdisk creates partitions not filesystems, you will need to format each of your partitions

mkfs -t ext4 /dev/sdc1

Moves files, usually housed in /var/www to the new partition

mkdir /media/newwww
mount /dev/sdc1 /media/newwww
cp -dpR /var/www/* /media/newwww/
mv /var/www /var/oldwww
mkdir /var/www

Get the UUID

blkid /dev/sdc1

      /dev/sdc1: UUID="c676ae51-cb6f-4c0e-b4a9-76850aafa1d6" TYPE="ext4" 

Edit the file /etc/fstab

nano /etc/fstab

In the file add this line:

UUID=c676ae51-cb6f-4c0e -xxxx-xxxxxxxx /var/www ext4    defaults        0       2

Control + O, save file. Control + X, close nano.

umount /media/newwww
mount /dev/sdc1 /var/www

If everything works correctly deletes the old directory:

sudo -i
rm /var/oldwww
  • thank you.. but this is a bit confusing though I will go through this process ! and Isn't there any software available for ubuntu desktop version to do this process !! or I can reboot to windows os and merge the external new partition with the internal lamp partition and vice versa ?? – Yush Sep 28 '14 at 16:22
  • To merge partitions on internal and external drives you should use lvm partitioning. This procedure seems to me the simplest, though written seem complex. – kyodake Sep 28 '14 at 18:37

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